Psychology Unit Three Test Review 1. What is an embryo? 2. How big are sperm cells as compared to egg cells? 3. When does the production of sperm occur? 4. When does the production of eggs occur? 5. Infant motor development is characterized by differences in the ________ , but not the ______ of major developmental milestones. (sequence/timing) 6. How detailed is the long-term memory of a two-year old? 7. Piaget is known for __________ development theory. 8. Mary Ainsworth said that children that are ___________ attached are “clingy”. 9. Harry Harlow proved that attachment is caused by ______________ with his baby monkey study. 10. What is FAS? 11. What remains stable in infancy that does not change as we age? 12. What is the transition from childhood to adulthood called in many cultures? 13. At what point does adolescence begin? 14. When does sexual maturation occur? 15. What theory of development is associated with Lawrence Kohlberg? 16. What theory of development is associated with Erik Erikson? 17. What is a social clock? 18. When do we reach our physical peak? 19. What happens during menopause? 20. What changes happen to us as we near the age of 70? 21. What is Alzheimer’s disease? 22. What three factors contribute to people feeling satisfied in a long-lasting and loving relationship? 23. Older people tend to regret what they ______ done, rather than what they have done. 24. What is a stimulus? 25. In classical conditioning, what is triggered by the stimulus? 26. The stimulus that gains power to cause a reaction after conditioning is called a _______ ___________. 27. Understand the concepts of classical conditioning. 28. In Pavlov’s experiment, what was the CR? 29. What is generalization? 30. In Watson’s Baby Albert experiment, what was the CS? 31. Garcia proved that humans can be conditioned to associate __________ with alcohol. 32. What is operant conditioning? 33. What determines the likelihood that a behavior will continue in operant conditioning? 34. Which psychologist is associated with operant conditioning? 35. What is negative reinforcement? 36. Which reinforcement schedule is the easiest to diminish? 37. Understand the four reinforcement schedules. 38. Which psychologist is associated with observational learning? 39. What is the smallest sound unit in a spoken language? 40. How many phonemes are in the English language? 41. The smallest unit that carries meaning in language is a _____________. 42. When do children lose the ability to make sounds of multiple languages? 43. Which psychologist is associated with language? 44. What is Whorf’s linguistic relativity hypothesis?