Study Notes for Physical Properties of Matter

```Study Notes for Physical Properties of Matter Unit 2
Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass is the measure of how much matter is in an object. We measure mass
on a balance and use grams as a unit of measurement.
Volume is the measure of how much space an object takes up. We can
measure volume of solids using a ruler and mathematics formulas for
volume. We can measure volume of liquids using a graduated cylinder.
We use milliliters (mL) and cubic centimeters (cm3) as units of
measurement for volume.
Physical property
color, smell, taste, sound,
texture
mass
volume (liquids)
volume (solids)
attraction to a magnet
temperature
insulator or conductor of
thermal energy
insulator or conductor of
electrical energy
boiling and freezing points
state of matter (solid, liquid, or
gas)
mixtures and solutions
buoyancy
relative density
solubility in water
How we observe or measure
the physical property
our five senses: sight, taste,
smell, hearing, and touch
triple beam or pan balance
ruler and mathematical formulas
magnet
thermometer
thermometer
conductivity tester
thermometer
sense of sight and touch
sense of sight
will it float or sink?
will it float or sink?
will it dissolve and disappear?
3 States, or Phases, of Matter
Gases- have no definite shape or
volume. They have definite mass.
The particles are not touching,
vibrate, and move freely to fill any
space just by moving farther and
farther apart.
Liquids- take the shape of their
container, have definite volume
and mass. Particles are more
loosely packed than solids,
vibrate, and can slide past each
other.
Solids- hold their shape, have
definite mass and volume.
Particles are packed tightly
together and are vibrating in
place.
Check for Understanding
1. _____________ is anything that has mass and takes up space.
2. Which tool(s) would you use to measure mass?
3. Which tool(s) would you use to measure volume?
4. What is the boiling point of water? __________________________
5. What is the freezing AND melting point of water? _______________
6. Properties of matter that can be easily observed and measured using
normal means are called _______________________ properties.
7. Circle ALL the ones that are physical properties:
volume
mass
liquid state
attraction to magnet
freezing point
temperature
insulator
color
smell
texture
solid state
buoyancy
boiling point
conductor
taste
sound
gaseous state
magnetic
8. The unit of measurement for mass is the ___________________.
9. The unit of measurement for volume is the ___________________ and
the ____________________.
10. Liquid volume is measured in __________________________.
11. Solid volume is measured in ___________________________.
12. Volume is the __________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
13. Mass is the ____________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
14. Which materials are attracted to a magnet?
a. metals that contain iron, nickel, or cobalt
b. plastic
c. all metals
15. If a substance is soluble, or dissolves, in water, the particles get smaller
and smaller until they _____________________.
16. A solution is a special kind of _________________________.
17. A mixture can be easily ___________________________ using
different methods.
18. Some methods we used to separate mixtures in class are:
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
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