Chapter 4 Section 2 Outline Big Idea: Egyptian government and

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Chapter 4 Section 2 Outline

Big Idea:

Egyptian government and religion were closely connected during the

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Main Idea # 1

In early Egyptian society, top of the social structure.

Rule by Pharaohs

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Belief pharaoh was

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Believed Egypt belonged to

ruled as gods and were at the

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Came with

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Blamed if crops did not grow well

Blamed if disease

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Demanded to make trade profitable

Demanded to prevent wars

The Social Structure

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Rules Egypt as a god

Officials and priests helped run the government and temples

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Scribes wrote and craftspeople produced goods

Most Egyptians were farmers.

Below them were servants and slaves

Henry 6 th

SS

Chapter 4 Section 2 Outline

Egypt and Its

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Sumerian designs found in Egyptian art

Egyptian pottery reflects styles from Nubia

Traders came from Nubia with gold, ivory, slaves and stones

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Punt (located on Red Sea) had incense and myrrh – used to make perfume and medicine

Syria provided

Draw page 91 diagram here

Henry 6 th

SS

Chapter 4 Section 2 Outline

Main Idea #2

Religion shaped Egyptian life.

The Gods of Egypt

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Practiced polytheism

Everyone expected to worship the same god

Built temples to gods

Payments collected from government and worshippers to grow

Memphis – people prayed to Ptah – creator of the world

Major gods

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Re, or Amon-Re: sun god

Osiris: god of the underworld

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Isis: goddess of magic

Horus: sky god

Emphasis on the Afterlife

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Believed it was a happy place

An ideal world where all people are young and healthy

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ka (KAH) – a person’s life force

Became a spirit

Had the same needs as the person had when he/she was living

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Tombs filled with objects

Furniture, clothing, tools, jewelry, weapons

Relatives expected to bring food and drinks

Burial Practices

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Body had to be prepared for afterlife – preserved

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Decayed – spirit could not recognize it

Embalming preserved bodies as mummies

Took several weeks

Wrapped body with linen cloth and bandages

Placed in coffin

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Only royalty and Egypt’s elite became mummies

Peasant families buried dead in shallow graves

Hot dry sand and lack of moisture preserved naturally

Questions to consider

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What is a mummy?

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How was the ka different from the body?

Henry 6 th

SS

Chapter 4 Section 2 Outline

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Why did the Egyptians believe it was important to preserve the physical body?

Main Idea #3

The pyramids of Egypt were built as tombs for the pharaohs.

The Pyramids

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Built during Old Kingdom

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Great Pyramid of Khufu still standing

Not sure how they were built but amazing

Size symbolized greatness

Wanted to be spectacular – belief pharaohs controlled afterlife

Pharaoh spirit happy = happy afterlife for everyone

Questions to consider

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Why did the Egyptians want the pyramids to be spectacular?

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Do you think the Egyptians were gloomy and obsessed by death? Why or why not?

Henry 6 th

SS

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