Honors Chemistry: Chap 4, 8,9,13,14, 22
Unit Topic: Introduction: Bonding-Molecular Shape (8 H-9))/Solubility(17)/Reaction Rates(22)(H-14)
Objectives: The student will be able to
1. Be able to determine solubility from chemical reactions using a solubility chart or experimentation.
2. Be able to construct a lab to determine unknowns based on solubility.
3. Explain how to obtain an unsaturated, saturated and supersaturated solution and how precipitates may form.
4. Explain miscible and immiscible.
5. Describe the specific structures of buckyballs (fullerenes), graphite and diamond.
6. Compare and contrast uses specific to the structures of buckyballs (fullerenes), graphite and diamond.
7. Be able to distinguish between bond types present in a molecule, on the basis of Electronegativity.
8. Be able to describe covalent bonds and their overlapping atomic orbitals with Pi and sigma bonding.
9. Be able to describe, draw and recognize pi and sigma bonds in carbon compounds.
10. Explain Collision Theory.
Molecular and Electron Geometry
11. Be able to create an electron dot diagram for any molecule.
12. Be able to distinguish between the occurrence and shape of atomic orbitals and hybrid orbitals.
13. Be able to explain how to identify and name hybrid orbitals. (sp, sp2, sp3)
14. Be able to explain how hybrid orbitals are created.
15. Be able to identify the number and types of groups attached to a hybridized atom in a molecule.(The “count”)
16. Compare and contrast molecular geometry and electron-pair geometry and name the structure’s shape.
17. Explain VSEPR Theory and what the letters stand for.
18. Be able to identify which hybrid orbitals occur in any given molecule by using its electron-dot diagram.
19. Be able to list and explain the bond angles found in different molecules with hybrid orbitals
20. Be able to distinguish between bond strength of single and multiple bonds.
21. Know the information presented in the following link regarding ethane, ethylene (ethene) and ethyne (acetylene)
22. Distinguish between sigma and pi bonds in both geometry and strength.
23. Be able to identify the forces and bonds between molecules; Van der Waals, dipole-dipole and hydrogen bonding.
24. Be able to extrapolate reaction rate based on a control-variable designed experiment.
25. Be able to recognize which molecules show resonance.
Molecular Modeling
26. Know the similarities and differences between the molecular modeling programs: ACD Labs, Spartan, WebMO.
27. Know the basic operations of ACD Labs, Spartan, WebMO.
Reaction Rates
28. Be able to graph and determine reaction rates with both slope and trend lines.
29. Be able to change rate of reactions by changing the things that influence reaction rate.
30. Be able to design an experiment that changes reaction rate. (variable and control)
31. Know the information from the following readings:
32. 1.7 Describing Covalent Bonds: Valence Bond Theory and Molecular Orbital Theory
33. 1.8 Hybridization: sp3 Orbitals and the Structure of Methane
34. How Shape & Structure Influence Function (Buckyballs)
35. Everyday Chemistry, Colors of Gems
36. Why the scientific name for both water and ice is H2O: Ice Has A Structure