Atmosphere Layers and Pressure Systems Review Question 1. Order the layers of the atmosphere starting at the Earth. 2. What does ozone block? 3. What protection does atmosphere provide? 4. As you go up in the troposphere what happens to the temperature? Why? 5. What layer is the hottest? 6. What layer does weather occur? 7. This layer is extremely cold. 8. The layer of the atmosphere where life exists. 9. Why is there uneven distribution of heat on Earth? 10. What happens to solar energy when it reaches Earth? 11. Where is the most solar energy? 12. Where is the least amount of solar energy? 13. This type of air pressure has molecules that are close together. 14. This type of air pressure results in cooler temperatures. 15. This type of air pressure does not hold in a lot of moisture. 16. This type of air pressure results in dry conditions. 17. This type of air pressure has molecules that are spread apart. 18. This type of air pressure results in warmer temperatures. 19. This type of air pressure holds in a lot of moisture. 20. This type of air pressure results in precipitation. 21. What causes differences in air pressure? 22. What causes wind? 23. What direction does air move? 24. What is the Coriolis Effect? 25. What type of pressure system would exist at the equator? 26. Describe why the smoke moved to the candles during the experiment? Answer Earth- Troposhere-Stratosphere-Mesosphere – Thermosphere Ultraviolet light Warmth, deflects light, holds oxygen, etc. It decreases because it moves away from the warmth of Earth Thermosphere Troposphere Mesosphere Troposphere The tilt of Earth. Some of it is absorbed by the surface and the atmosphere while some of it is reflected. Equator Poles High High High High Low Low Low Low Unequal heating of Earth. Unequal heating, differences in air pressure, and movement from high to low pressure. High pressure to low pressure. The curving path of winds caused by the rotation of the Earth. Low The candles produce heat which caused a low pressure system in the box. 27. What type of current causes air movement from high to low pressure? 28. What type of pressure would be common at the poles? 29. What direction do winds move in the Northern Hemisphere? 30. What direction do winds move in the Southern Hemisphere? 31. When you look at a diagram of convection currents, what direction will the high pressure arrows be pointing? 32. Does warm air sink or rise? 33. What is the name of the calm region located on the equator? 34. Name two examples of global winds. 35. What is the name of the instrument used to measure air pressure? 36. Draw an arrow to indicate how the wind would move in the Northern Hemisphere if it were moving up from High to Low. 37. Draw an arrow to indicate how the wind would move in the Southern Hemisphere if it were moving down from High to Low. 38. What is the name of the wind belt that moves west along both sides of the Equator? 39. Describe air pressure Convection High Clockwise Counterclockwise Down Rise Doldrums Easterlies, Westerlies, or Trade Winds Barometer Trade Winds The number of air molecules and air movement in a given location. Low 40. What type of pressure system is associated with storms? In the space below, write five possible quiz questions that you believe will be on the assessment tomorrow. Trade with a partner to see if you can answer their questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.