Study Guide Ch. 2.1 & 2.2

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Name:_______________________________________ Date:______________ Per #:_____ STUDY GUIDE – CH. 2.1 & 2.2

1. What causes wind?

Winds form because of differences in ______________________ and the _________________ heating of the Earth.

2. What does the Coriolis effect cause?

Global winds to _______________.

3. What causes a sea breeze?

__________________________heating and cooling of land and sea. 4.

Over short distances winds blow from areas of ____________________ to ________________________.

5. Which types of global wind mostly affects the direction our weather comes from?

The Jetstream and the ______________________________.

6. What causes high pressure to form?

_________________ air sinking 7.

Which layer of the atmosphere does nearly all weather occur?

The ______________________________

8.

Air is __________________dense at higher altitudes. 9. Weather is the _____________ of the atmosphere at a given ________and_________.

10. The term “climate” best describes _________________weather patterns. 11 How do weather patterns generally move across the United States?

a. West to East b. East to West c. North to South d. South to North

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12. What does the H on the weather map represent?

An area of __________ _______________.

13. A ________________________________________ is an instrument used to measure air pressure? 14. A scientist who studies weather is called a _________________________________. 15. Air takes up space, has mass, and ____________________.

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