Earth Science Definitions Match Words Definitions 1. Mineral A. An

1. Mineral
Earth Science Definitions Match
A. An arrangement of the salient characters of a group designed to facilitate
2. Mohs’ hardness
3. Rocks
8. Geology
9. Classifying
10. Mass
B. . A fluids ability to flow. Opposite of viscosity (resistance to flow). Referenced to
C. Waves whose motion is restricted to near the ground surface. Such waves
correspond to ripples of water that travel across a lake.
D. A series of 10 minerals used to describe how hard a substance is and is a scale of
mineral hardness based on the ability of one natural sample of matter to scratch
E. A process in which the materials of Earth’s surface are loosened, dissolved, or
worn away and transported from one place to another by a natural agent such as
wind, water, ice, or gravity
F. Looking at an object to acquire information about an object, using tools, and
measurement to quantify the observations
G. Movement of the Earth caused by waves in crust set in motion by movement
along a fault or under a volcano
H. The process in which material is laid down
I. The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
J. Minerals in metamorphic rocks are randomly arrange.
11. Key
K. The study of earthquakes, including their origin, propagation, energy, and
4. Weathering
5. Sedimentary rock
6. Igneous rock
7. Metamorphic rock
17. heat
18. pressure
L.. An opening, or rupture, in a planet's surface or crust, which allows hot magma,
ash and gases to escape from below the surface.
M. A naturally occurring piece of the earth that is usually made of 1 or more
N.. Igneous rocks that form below the earth’s surface
O. Liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface; igneous rocks are made of magma
P. A rock that forms from other rocks as a result of intense heart, pressure, or
chemical processes
Q. Igneous rocks that form above the earth’s surface
R. Rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies
19. foliated
S. Rock composed of rounded, pebble-sized fragments of weathered rocks
20. non foliated
T. A measure of the amount of matter in an object
21. earthquakes
U. Ideas that state the oldest rocks should be below younger rocks because older
were deposited first
V. Natural, nonliving solid that has a characteristic composition(chemical formula),
an orderly internal structure, and a characteristic set of physical properties.
W. Putting objects, organisms, and events into order based on similarities,
differences, and interrelationships
X. The study of the origin, history, and structure of Earth and the processes that
shape Earth.
Y. A rock formed from compressed or cemented layers of sediment
12. Observing
13. Cementation
14. superposition
15. erosion
16. deposition
22. seismology
23. surface waves
24. volcanoes
25. magma
26. fluidity
27. extrusive
28. intrusive
Z In the rock cycle, loose sediments are glued together by natural glues like calcite
and silica.
AA. The energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures;
energy is always transferred from higher temperature objects to lower temperature
BB. Strata
29. conglomerate
CC. Metamorphic rocks that are aligned or sorted into layers
30. rock layers
DD. The natural process by which atmospheric and environmental agents, such as
wind, rain, and temperature changes, integrates, and decompose rocks.