Psychology 40S Unit 4 – Cognitive Psychology Test Review Tuesday, January 12th, 2016 Classical Conditioning; be able to discuss/explain the following: Neutral stimulus Unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned response Conditioned stimulus Conditioned response Extinction Who was Ivan Pavlov and what did he prove? Who was Little Albert? Operate Conditioning; be able to discuss/explain the following: Positive and Negative Reinforcement Positive and Negative Punishment What are 4 different reinforcement schedules and how do they impact learning? What are 2 disadvantages of punishment? Who is Skinner and what did his research prove? What is a Skinner Box? Social/Observational Leaning; be able to discuss/explain the following: Modeling Potential examples of this type of learning in society. 4 processes necessary for observational learning. Explain Albert Bandura’s Bobo Doll experiment. What did it teach us? How might this research be applied? Memory; be able to explain the following: The Process of memory: encoding, storage, and retrieval Levels of memory: sensory, short-term, and long-term memory Strategies to improve memory: chunking, rehearsal, retrieval cues Types of Memory – semantic, procedural, episodic, declarative How does forgetting occur at different levels of memory? Sleep; be able to explain the following: Be able to describe the 5 stages of sleep How can sleep quality be improved? How does light impact sleep and circadian rhythms?