Items 1 through 26 are mutiple choice questions. On your scantron (available in the bookstore - please use form 2052), please indicate a corresponding letter that you feel indicates the BEST answer.
1. In ________ classical conditioning experiment, this psychologist suggests that the ________ should be paired with a ________ to produce a ________. a. Skinner, behavior, punishment, negative reinforcement b. Pavlov, conditioned stimulus, neutral stimulus, unconditioned response c. Skinner, behavior, reward, positive reinforcement d. Pavlov, unconditioned stimulus, neutral stimulus, conditioned response
2. The jungle gym study suggested that a. little boys hit little girls b. all preschoolers do the same things c. boys run around before perching and chatting d. girls act as distracters
3. ________ memory encodes information depending on the type of info being processed in our brain, ________ for images, ________ for sounds, and
________ for meanings. a. Working, visual, auditory, semantic b. Sensory, visual, auditory, sensory c. Long-term, explicit, implicit, episodic d. None of the above
4. Which of the following statement about neurons is true a. you can easily grow them in about five months b. when a neuron turns on it is on until it is dead c. the activated rate of potential is the determiner of neuronal activity d. dumb people have less nuerons
5. Evolutionary psychologists like David Buss claim gender differences are the result of natural selection and point to the following as support for this claim: a. There are anatomical differences in males and females. b. There are brain structural differences between the two.
c. There are biochemical differences, as with hormones. d. All of the above.
6. Which of the following is not a basic type of memory? a. Iconic b. Long-term c. Working d. sensory
7. ________ is a collection of mental processes that affect a persons behavior and emotions, even though they are not consciously aware of them. a. Consciousness b. Cognitive unconscious c. Dreams d. Night terrors
8. Would a sample of children from an affluent suburban school district be considered a representative sample of American children? a. Yes, because public education is available to all children. b. No, because affluent suburban schools tend to be less racially, ethnically, and economically diverse than the nation as a whole. c. No, because they are nothing like the average American child. d. Yes, because they have all the advantages and none of the disadvantages
9. Which of the following is not a function of sleep? a. The growth process b. Restores and rebuilds memories of the previous day c. recuperation d. All of the above are functions of sleep
10. Watson's experimental purpose involving baby Albert was to determine if
________. a. Operant responses can be generalized b. emotional responses can be generalilzed c. Conditioned responses can be learned d. Unconditioned responses can be learned
11. Psychology is defined as: a. the study of the conscious and unconscious mental processes b. the scientific investigation of behavior c. the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior d. the study of paradigms of culture and behavior.
12. Within an experiment, a measures ability to produce consistent results is its: a. reliability b. validity c. generalizability d. measurability
Evolutionary psychologists argue that a. men can be sure of the legitimacy of their children b. women are driven to find men who will be good providers c. sperm is expensive d. eggs are cheap
14. The Jungle gym study was used in class as an example of all of the following except: a. how behavior may be an inherited trait b. a robust study c. a "just so" story d. proof of nomadic behavior
15. Which perspective attempts to explain already existing traits and behaviors? a. psychodynamic b. behaviorist c. cognitive d. evolutionary
16. The corpus callosum a. is at least partially responsible for movement b. is the largest region of the contemporary human brain c. connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres d. is critical to the functioning of vital bodily organs
Josef Menegele’s experiments were used in class to discuss the idea of: a. eugenics b. ethics in research c. what not to do d. how the Nazi party got it right
18. Schema can be described as all of the following except: a. an image of an apple b. a mental set of representations c. an idea d. a hueristic
19. Which of the following would be considered an episodic memory? a. a dream you had last week
b. an accident you saw three weeks ago c. How to play crazy eights d. 4*6+2=26
20. Which theorist argues the Language Acquisition Device (LAD) a. Lev Vygotsky b. Noam Chomsky c. B.F. Skinner d. Nim Chimsky
21. Which of the following is measured in decibels? a. amplitude b. pitch c. timbre d. complexity
22. A dog salivating in time to a ringing bell (Pavlov) is an example of : a. Operant conditioning b. Classical conditioning c. Behaviorism gone astray d. how Darwin was wrong
23. Which of the following is a false sentence about sensation? a. people have five senses b. people can experience pain in limbs that have been amputated c. some people can read other peoples minds d. Although headaches seem real there are no nerve endings for pain in the brain
24. Prior conditioning can either ______ or _______ learning a. accelerate. . . inhibit b. evoke . . . elicit c. emit . . . protract d. enhance . . . distinguish
25. What distinguished Wilhelm Wundt's contribution from other contributions to psychology? a. He wrote the first textbook of psychology. b. He defined psychology as the science of behavior. c. He established psychology as a laboratory science. d. He studied insight in lower animals.
26. Feeling the need to check your email after hearing the ding that indicates a new message has been received is an example of: a. operant conditioning b. classical conidiotning c. shaped behavior
d, both a and c e. a really messed up set of priorities
Questions 27 - 50 are true/false. On your scantron (available in the bookstore - please use form 2052), please indicate "a" for a true answer and "b" for a false answer. True or false.
27. breathing is a conditioned behavior
28. Skinner is considered as the founder of operant conditioning.
29. Smoking causes lung cancer
30. Chunking is the process of holding seven to nine pieces of information in our working memory at one time.
31. Validity examines the truth of a study.
32. The human brain develops completely in the first two years.
33. Brain size has a direct reflection on the owner's intelligence.
34. A correlative study shows a relationship only.
35. Phineas Gage helped us determine the morphology of the brain.
36. Any drug you put in your body affects your brain, including sugar.
37. One can easily hear the spaces in between words in an unfamiliar language.
38. Charades were used in class to discuss scaffolding
39. One nauseating meal can prompt a food aversion that can last for years.
40. It is easier to determine direction of sound when there is more than one stimulus.
41. Perception is an parallel process.
42. The sense of smell is chemical in nature.
43. Toxic substances to humans usually taste sweet.
44. Language is the ability to reproduce mutually agreed upon symbols.
45. Information to be stored in memory must first be retreived.
46. Once a neuron is dead it is dead
47. The human brain can only understand all languages in the first two years.
48. Syntax is the portion of language dealing with meaning.
49. According to B.F. Skinner punishment decreases the occurring bad behavior in children.
50. Ethics in research are always clear cut