AP World History Mr. M. Moynihan Directions – Read chapter #3. Be prepared to identify and discuss the following people, terms and events from the chapter. In addition are study questions that need to be outlined in bullet format. DO NOT copy information from the text word for word; rather, read and process the information before responding to these prompts in your own words. Hot Seat – Thursday, September 19 Chapter 3 KEY TERMS: 1. Nile 2. pharaoh 3. hieroglyphs 4. cataract 5. Menes/Narmer (MEH-neez) 6. ma’at (muh-AHT) 7. Rosetta Stone 8. mummification 9. Old Kingdom 10. pyramid 11. Middle Kingdom 12. New Kingdom 13. Hyksos 14. Akhenaten 15. Akhetaten 16. Indus Valley civilization 17. Mohenjo–Daro (moe-hen-joe-DAHR-oh) 18. Harappa (huh-RAP-uh) 19. Aryans 20. caste system Chapter 3: QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION OR ESSAYS: 1. Compare and contrast ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley civilization in the PERSIA categories? 2. Using the cases of ancient Egypt, the Indus Valley, and Mesopotamia, how would you respond to the assertion that “geography is destiny”? 3. Using evidence from Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and ancient Egypt, what would you say are the most essential building blocks to create a civilization? 4. Compare and contrast to the purposes of ziggurat-building and pyramid building. 5. What can modern scholars learn from written records that they can’t learn from other sorts of archaeological finds? 6. What lessons can we learn from the modern discovery of the Indus Valley civilization and how did the discovery of the Indus Valley civilization upset cultural paradigms? 7. How can you account for the continuity in ancient Egyptian history?