Ch. 3 Study Guide - Stamford High School

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AP World History
Mr. M. Moynihan
Directions – Read chapter #3. Be prepared to identify and discuss the following
people, terms and events from the chapter. In addition are study questions that
need to be outlined in bullet format. DO NOT copy information from the text
word for word; rather, read and process the information before responding
to these prompts in your own words.
Hot Seat – Thursday, September 19
Chapter 3 KEY TERMS:
1. Nile
2. pharaoh
3. hieroglyphs
4. cataract
5. Menes/Narmer (MEH-neez)
6. ma’at (muh-AHT)
7. Rosetta Stone
8. mummification
9. Old Kingdom
10. pyramid
11. Middle Kingdom
12. New Kingdom
13. Hyksos
14. Akhenaten
15. Akhetaten
16. Indus Valley civilization
17. Mohenjo–Daro (moe-hen-joe-DAHR-oh)
18. Harappa (huh-RAP-uh)
19. Aryans
20. caste system
Chapter 3: QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION OR ESSAYS:
1. Compare and contrast ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley
civilization in the PERSIA categories?
2. Using the cases of ancient Egypt, the Indus Valley, and Mesopotamia,
how would you respond to the assertion that “geography is destiny”?
3. Using evidence from Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and ancient Egypt,
what would you say are the most essential building blocks to create a
civilization?
4. Compare and contrast to the purposes of ziggurat-building and pyramid
building.
5. What can modern scholars learn from written records that they can’t learn
from other sorts of archaeological finds?
6. What lessons can we learn from the modern discovery of the Indus Valley
civilization and how did the discovery of the Indus Valley civilization upset
cultural paradigms?
7. How can you account for the continuity in ancient Egyptian history?
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