Indus Valley Civilization

Ancient India/Indus River Valley
• Lasted from 3300-1300 B.C.
• Located in modern-day Pakistan
and India along the Indus River
• At its peak, the civilization had a
population of around 5 million
• Geographically, the largest
ancient civilization in the world
(covered the most area)
Cities of the Indus Valley
• Over 1,000 cities and
settlements have been
• Mohenjo-Daro – The most
developed and sophisticated city
of the Indus River
• Harappa – Had about 25,000
people (very large for its time)
Ancient ruins of Harappa
A computer-generated image of what Harrapa would have looked like
Cities of the Indus Valley
• Cities used advanced engineering
systems to create a water supply and
sanitation systems
– Created the world’s first flush toilets
– Created drainage systems to prevent
flooding houses and had their own private
water well
• City streets were based on a grid
Cities of the Indus Valley
• Both cities had an advanced system
of trade and commerce
– This was created by a surplus in
– Domesticated plants like peas, dates,
and cotton
– Domesticated animals like the water
• Seals were used to mark property,
evidence of a written language
Remains of the Indus Valley Civilization
Make Your Own Seal
• In your Interactive Notebook, create your own
seal which you would use to mark your
• Include symbols that are important to you
– This could be an animal, letters, logos and
anything else that is special to you
Miss Kay’s Seal