Key Concept 1.1: Big Geography and the Peopling of the Earth
Big geography Paleolithic Era Hunting-foraging bands Kinship groups diffusion
Core and Foundational Civilizations
Mesopotamia (Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys) b.
Egypt (Nile River Valley) Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa (Indus d.
River Valley) Shang (Yellow or Huang He River e.
Valley) Olmec (Mesoamerica) Chavin (Andean South America)
Hammurabi’s Code 4.
New Weapons (know one)
Compound bow b.
New Modes of Transportation (know one)
Chariots Horseback riding
Key Concept 1.2: The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies
Patriarchy Neolithic Revolution Pastoralism Metallurgy Agrarian Hierarchical social structure
Monumental architecture and Urban planning (know one)
Pyramids Temples d.
Defensive walls Streets and roads Sewage and Water Systems
Arts and artisanship (know one)
Wall decorations Elaborate weaving
Systems of Record – Keeping (know one)
Cuneiform Hieroglyphics Pictographs Alphabets Quipu
Key Concept 1.3: The Development and Interactions of Early Agricultural, Pastoral, and Urban Societies
Civilization Social Stratification Forced labor Hittites
New Religious Beliefs
Hebrew Monotheism c.
Literature (know one)
The “Epic of Gilgamesh” b.
Rig Veda c.
Book of the Dead
Trade shifted from local to transregional
Egypt and Nubia b.
Mesopotamia and Indus