FAMILY TREE OF THE GREEK GODS and GODDESSES

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FAMILY TREE OF THE GREEK GODS and GODDESSES
according to Hesiod’s Theogony (circa 700 B.C.E.)
I)
Chaos
Earth
Sky (Ouranos)
Tartara
Mountains
Eros
Night
Sea
Death
Fates
Famine
II)
Erebos
Intercourse
Wars
Eris (“Discord”)
Quarrels
‘Bad Government’
Earth --- Sky
12 Titans (6 male, 6 female)
3 Cyclops
The 3 100-Arms
including Ocean, Mnemosyne (“Memory”),
Themis (“Law”), Rhea, Cronus
III)
Rhea --- Cronus
Hestia
(Vesta)
Demeter
(Ceres)
Hera
(Juno)
Hades
(Pluto)
Zeus --- Metis (“Wisdom”)
Apollo
(Apollo)
Dionysus
Zeus --- Demeter
Artemis
(Diana)
Zeus
(Jupiter)
Zeus --- Semele
Athena
Zeus --- Leto
Poseidon
(Neptune)
Persephone
(Proserpina)
Zeus --- Hera
Zeus --- Maia
Zeus --- Themis
Ares
(Mars)
Hermes
(Mercury)
‘Good Government’
Justice, Peace
The TWELVE Olympians:
* Athena
* Apollo
* Artemis
* Ares
* Hephaestus (born from Hera)
* Hermes
* Zeus
* Hera
* Demeter
* Poseidon
* Aphrodite (born from Sky’s genitals or from Zeus)
Dionysus?
Hestia?
Hades?
Galen, Greek doctor circa 160 B.C.: “For Moses, God has only to will to bring matter into order,
and matter is ordered immediately. We (Greeks) do not think that way; we say that certain things
are impossible by nature and these God does not even attempt; he only chooses the best among
the things that come about” (On the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body xi.14)
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