Ch.7 Part 1 Vocab Quiz

Date: ______________
Chapter 7 Vocabulary Quiz Part 1
Directions: Fill in the blank with the correct vocabulary word.
1. _____________ is the organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell.
2. A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus is a ________________.
3. The _________________ is the threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic
information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next.
4. ____________ is the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons.
5. The cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates is called
6. ________ is the collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separates the cell from its
7. An organism whose cells contain nuclei are called ______________.
8. An organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight
and converts it into chemical energy is called ________________.
Match the following word to the correct definition.
____ 1. Cell theory
a. the organelle that converts energy in food into compounds
more convenient for the cell
____ 2. Nuclear envelope
b. organelle located in animal cells near the nuclear envelope
____ 3. Ribosome
c. layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
____ 4. Endoplasmic Reticulum
d. stack of membranes that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins
____ 5. Golgi apparatus
e. small particle in the cell where proteins are assembled
____ 6. Mitochondrion
f. where lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled
and some proteins are modified
____ 7. Centriole
g. idea that all livings things are composed of cells, cells are the
basic units of structure and function, and new cells are produced
from exiting cells