EGYPT UNIT TEST REVIEW with answers 1. Most Egyptians lived in .. a) b) c) d) Northern Egypt Southern Egypt Eastern Egypt Western Egypt 2. This person was the pharaoh’s “right hand man” a) b) c) d) The priest The scribes The vizer The queen 3. This French scholar translated the Rosetta Stone into Greek? a) b) c) d) Howard Carter Jean Champollion Charles Darwin Napolean Bonaparte 4. The Egyptians referred to the Nile River as the a) b) c) d) lifeblood lifeline life brother life giver 5. Why were scribes respected in Egypt? a) b) c) d) they were low level gods they were related to Ramses 11 they were generals in the army they could read and write 6) It took 70 days to prepare an Egyptian mummy. a) True b) False 7) The brain of the pharaoh was preserved during mummification. a) True b) False 8) The annual flooding of the Nile River left rich silt behind allowing Egyptians to farm. a) True b) False Column A Column B The feather of truth _B___ A. the longest river in the world The Nile A B. a heart was weighed against this. Tombs or Pyramids __E_ C. Egyptian writing Papyrus ___J D. 200 spells that was buried with the mummy The book of the Dead _D__ E. a place where Pharaohs were buried Natron __H_ F. has hieroglyphics, pictographs and Greek on it Hieroglyphics __C_ G. Egyptian god who was the guide to the afterlife Polytheist _I__ H. a type of salt used to dry out a body Triangle ___ I. believing in more than one god Rosetta Stone __F_ J. a reed Egyptians used to make a type of paper Complete the social pyramid of Egyptian society. PHARAOH VIZERS NOBLES & MILITARY LEADER Priests & Scribes Crafters Peasant farmers Slaves Describe the position held by the pharaoh in Egyptian times, at least 3 facts. Answer using complete sentences. The Pharaoh was the direct link to the gods He was the high priest of all gods. Owner lands and citizens. Leader of all armies. Bestower (appoints) all positions in the land. List three responsibilities of the priests and scribes in Egyptian society. Collected taxes, kept records, educated the young and wrote reports, 1) Ancient Egyptians believed that each person had two souls the ba and the ka. Explain the meaning of each and why these terms were so important to an Egyptian’s beliefs. Answer in paragraph form. Ba is their physical body and the Ka is their soul. Important as the Egyptians were the first ones to believe in the afterlife.. 2) The Shaduf was very important in Egyptian times. In a paragraph describe what it was used for, what it looked like and how it worked. Also, indicate how it impacted farmers. Draw it. It was a lever with a bucket at one end and a counter weight at another. It saved the farmer much work as it allowed them to move water from the irrigation ditches to the farm land. 3) Explain why the Greeks called ancient Egypt “the Gift of the Nile.” The Nile provided many things for the Egyptians. Fertile soil after the flood, papyrus, water, mode of transportation. 4) What would you take with you to the Egyptian afterlife? Explain why you would take these things. Opinionated question. Something important to you as long as you explain it. 5) Considering all the information discussed in class and the documentaries watched in class, which Egyptian contributions/inventions in your opinion have impacted our world the most. Elaborate on at least 2 contributions or inventions in your response and answer in a proper paragraph. Architecture, writing (hieroglyphics), laws,(Rosetta Stone) women’s rights, Shaduf (irrigation tools) 6) In a paragraph explain why Lower Egypt was better suited for civilization than Upper Egypt. Use at least 3 reasons from your notes. Better farming, closer to the Mediterranean Sea which allowed for transportation, trade and cultural exchange. The delta was isolated and protected by desert on the East and West. Many types of water fowl. (food) 7) In a paragraph answer the following questions. What was the Rosetta Stone used for? Where did they find it? What were 2 different scripts inscribed on it? Who deciphered the hieroglyphics using the stone? It was used to understand ancient writings. Found in the City of Rosetta. It had pictographs, hieroglyphics and Greek writing on it. Jean Champollion took 10 years to decipher it. Using a chart compare and contrast the way women were treated in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. In ancient Egypt, if a man asked a woman to marry him, she could say no. Women were not equal with men, but they had considerably more rights than women did in other ancient civilizations. One of their rights was the right to decide if they wished to marry or not. A woman in ancient Egypt could not be forced into marriage. Along with raising the children and running the household, women were free to get a paid job outside the home, if they wanted one. They could run a business. They could own, buy, and sell property. They could make a will and leave their personal goods to whomever they chose, including their daughters. If they broke the law, they had go to court and defend themselves from the charge, just like everyone else. One of the biggest rights a woman had was the right of divorce. If a woman was unhappy with her marriage, she could get a divorce, and then remarry someone else or remain single. To be granted a divorce, a woman needed to present a good reason in a court of law. If her divorce was granted, she gained custody of the children, along with all of her original dowry if one was brought to the marriage - or its equivalent worth - plus one-third of her husband's wealth. This was done so that she could raise her children comfortably. She also took with her any property she personally owned, including property that had been willed to her during her marriage. Men could also get a divorce, but, if granted, women still gained custody of her children, her original dowry, and a big chunk of his wealth. 1) 2) Why was the process of mummification so important to Ancient Egyptians? They were the first to believe in the afterlife so the elaborate ritual became of great importance.