THE NILE VALLEY CHAPTER 2 SECTION 1 MAIN IDEAS • SETTLING THE NILE: The Egyptian civilization began in the fertile Nile River valley, where natural barriers discouraged invasion. • THE RIVER PEOPLE: The Egyptians depended on the Nile’s floods to grow their crops. • A UNITED EGYPT: Around 3100 B.C. Egypt’s two major kingdoms, Upper and Lower Egypt, were combined into one. MAIN IDEAS CONTINUED • EARLY EGYPTIAN LIFE: Egyptian society was divided into social groups based on wealth and power. VOCABULARY • • • • • Cataract: Delta: Papyrus: Hieroglyphics: Dynasty: PLACES TO LOCATE • Egypt, Nile River, and Sahara. QUESTIONS • 1. WHAT WAS EGYPT’S PHYSICAL SETTING LIKE? • 2. WHAT CROPS DID THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS GROW? • 3. IDENTIFY WHO MADE UP THE LARGEST GROUP IN EGYPTIAN SOCIETY?