Study Guide with Answers

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Period: __________Date: _____________
Egypt Study Guide Answer Key
* I can explain the physical geography of ancient Egypt.
* I can explain why the Egyptians settled in this area; why location and environment were important.
* I can identify and explain how the cultural and scientific contributions influenced civilizations.
* I can identify and explain the cultural practices of ancient Egypt including:
- class structure
- beliefs
- writing
- government
- customs and traditions
Vocabulary
1. _papyrus_____________________ A plant that grows in wet areas that is used to make paper.
2. _hieroglyphics_________________ A writing system using pictures.
3. _Re_________________________ Sun god.
4. _pharaoh____________________ The name for an Egyptian king.
5. _pyramid____________________ Four sided stone structure that was used to bury pharaohs.
6. _polytheism_________________ Belief in many gods.
7. _mummification______________ When the body was wrapped in linen to prepare for the afterlife.
8. _silt_________________________ Small particles of earth that built up in the river.
Fill in the charts/lists.
Reason to live by the river
Explanation (full sentences, details!)
Trade/transportation
Use the river for traveling and trading with other civilizations
Human needs
The river provides drinking water and food (fish) to eat
Irrigation
Can bring the water from the river to crops
Fertile soil
Annual flooding of river left nutrients in soil making it better to grow crops on
List 3 religious beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians.
1. They believed that when a person died they would have an afterlife and live the same
kind of life they had on earth. In order to live that kind of life Egyptians had to make the
body look like it did during their life and take all of the things with them that they would
need.
2. They believed in many gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt and each had a job or role
in the daily life.
3. There were many rituals and traditions done so that their gods and goddesses would help to
give them happy lives with an abundance of food.
Contribution
How is it used today?
Medicine
Medicine is used throughout the world to heal and help different people.
Writing System
Every culture now has a writing system that allows them to communicate and keep
records.
Calendar
The calendar is a very important part of our society today because we keep dates,
schedule events, and have holidays on specific days.
Papyrus
Paper is now used everywhere today. We share information with it, use it for art,
and some of our most important documents are written on it.
Door Lock
The lock is a very important part of security now. It keeps people safe, as well as,
any documents that are not for sharing.
Pharaoh
Word Bank:
Scribes
Slaves
Pharaoh
Priest
Emperors
Kings
Vizers
Engineers
Doctors
Merchants
Craftsman
Farmers
Tomb builders
Fill in the following charts:
Vizier
Class system
High priests
Venn diagram of related
differences and similarities
Noble men
Scholarly People
Doctors, Priests, Engineers, Architects
Scribes
Skilled Craftsmen
Merchants
Farmers, Tomb builders, Soldiers
Slaves and Captives
Mesopotamia
1. Tigris and Euphrates River
2. Cuneiform
3. King or Emperor
4. Ziggurats
5. Clay tablets
Ancient Egypt
1. Polytheistic
AA
1. Nile River
2. Flooding created fertile soil
2. Hieroglyphics
3. Class system
3. Pharaoh
4. Irrigation systems
4. Pyramids
5. Hot climate
5. Papyrus
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