Name: ___________________________________________ Period: __________Date: _____________
* I can explain the physical geography of ancient Egypt.
* I can explain why the Egyptians settled in this area; why location and environment were important.
* I can identify and explain how the cultural and scientific contributions influenced civilizations.
* I can identify and explain the cultural practices of ancient Egypt including:
- class structure - beliefs - writing - government - customs and traditions
_ papyrus _____________________ A plant that grows in wet areas that is used to make paper.
_ hieroglyphics _________________ A writing system using pictures.
_ Re _________________________ Sun god.
_ pharaoh ____________________ The name for an Egyptian king.
_ pyramid ____________________ Four sided stone structure that was used to bury pharaohs.
_ polytheism _________________ Belief in many gods.
_ mummification ______________ When the body was wrapped in linen to prepare for the afterlife.
_ silt _________________________ Small particles of earth that built up in the river.
Fill in the charts/lists.
Reason to live by the river
Explanation (full sentences, details!)
Use the river for traveling and trading with other civilizations
The river provides drinking water and food (fish) to eat
Can bring the water from the river to crops
Annual flooding of river left nutrients in soil making it better to grow crops on
List 3 religious beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians.
They believed that when a person died they would have an afterlife and live the same kind of life they had on earth. In order to live that kind of life Egyptians had to make the body look like it did during their life and take all of the things with them that they would need.
They believed in many gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt and each had a job or role in the daily life.
There were many rituals and traditions done so that their gods and goddesses would help to give them happy lives with an abundance of food.
How is it used today?
Medicine is used throughout the world to heal and help different people.
Every culture now has a writing system that allows them to communicate and keep records.
The calendar is a very important part of our society today because we keep dates, schedule events, and have holidays on specific days.
Paper is now used everywhere today. We share information with it, use it for art, and some of our most important documents are written on it.
Door Lock The lock is a very important part of security now. It keeps people safe, as well as, any documents that are not for sharing.
Fill in the following charts:
Venn diagram of related differences and similarities
Doctors, Priests, Engineers, Architects
Farmers, Tomb builders, Soldiers
Slaves and Captives
1. Tigris and Euphrates River
1. Nile River
2. Flooding created fertile soil
3. King or Emperor
3. Class system
4. Irrigation systems
5. Clay tablets
5. Hot climate