How did trade develop in various places along the Nile?

• What are two facts about hieroglyphs? (Page
• Make sure your Bellringers in the tray
• Finish Section 3 Papers if you haven’t done so.
• Start reading Talking Heads (At front table)
Section 1 Review
1. How did the Nile River affect the lives of the
early Egyptians and Nubians?
Annual flooding provided fertile land to farm
2. How did trade develop in various places
along the Nile?
Nile was natural highway for Egyptian boats to go to
other countries for trading
Section 2 Review
1. How did Egypt’s rulers govern their empire?
Pharaohs had total power over the government, economy, and
military of Egypt
2. Describe some of the accomplishments of the Old
Time of peace and prosperity. Near end, governors challenged
pharaohs and kingdom grew weak
3. Describe some of the accomplishment of the Middle
Restored order, united the country, and completed irrigation
4. Describe some of the accomplishments of the New
Drove foreigners out of the country, created huge armies, and
began building an empire
Section 3 Review Questions
1. What is the site of Giza?
Site of the Great Pyramid
2. How did the religion of the ancient Egyptians
explain what happened to a person after
The Egyptian religion claimed that the dead would live
on forever in a world of ease and pleasure.
3. How was a pharaoh’s tomb furnished?
Tombs were furnished with belongings and personal
items such as sandals and even horses
Section 4- The Culture of the
Ancient Egyptians
1. Pharaoh: absolute ruler
2. Upper Classes: nobles, priests, members of
pharaoh’s court
3. Middle Classes: skilled workers, merchants
4. Peasants: workers who farmed the land; built
roads and temples
Section 4 Review Questions
1. Who was Jean Francois Champollion?
French scholar who translated the Egyptian hieroglyphics on
the Rosetta Stone
2. How were the lives of Egypt’s peasants ruled by
the seasons?
Peasants could not plant crops until after the annual
summer flooding of the Nile; had to work harvest season
3. What contributions did the Egyptians make in
medicine and astronomy?
Egyptian astronomers predicted annual flooding of the Nile;
Knew how to set broken bones and perform surgery;
Made medicines from plants
• On your blank sheet of computer paper, you are
going to write your first and last name using a
personal cartouche
• A cartouche is an oblong frame containing a name
• You may have to skip certain letter in your name that
are not represented on the hieroglyphs chart on
page 82
• Make sure you put your actual name, date, and
period on the page also