Study Guide for Quiz on 3/18 1. What is the Middle Ages also known as? What were some things that characterized the Middle Ages? The Middle Ages are also known as the Dark Ages. Some things that characterized this time in history is feudalism, disease, growth of the uneducated, and the church. 2. What is Feudalism? How did a person gain their rank? Feudalism is the economic and political system that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages. Each person gained their rank by birth. 3. List the order of power during Feudalism; list from the most power to the least. What is their role in Feudalism? Monarch, Lord, Knights, and Serfs/Peasants. Monarchs owned the land, Lords provided the king with protection with knights and soldiers, knights were to protect the manors, and serfs/peasants worked the land. 4. What did the people of the Middle Ages need protection from? Conquest by Barbarians 5. Describe what was included on a manor? Manor House, Mill, Smiths, gardens, livestock, peasant housing, etc. 6. Who did the Monarchs think gave them the right to rule? Divine Rights of the King from God 7. What is a noble, and what did the nobles provide to the monarchs? A person of high rank by birth or title; the provided them with knights and soilders. 8. What were noblewomen allowed to do and what where they not? They were to raise and train their children and some children of other noble families and oversee household. They could not own land. 9. How would a boy become a knight? At age 7 become a page, 7 years later become a squire, at age 20, if worthy, become a knight 10. What was the jobs of most peasants? Working the land. 11. What did peasants eat? Vegetables, meat such as pork, and dark, course bread. 12. What has the most influence on the people during the Middle Ages? The Church 13. What is the clergy and who was a part of it? The body of people, such as priest, who perform sacred functions of a church. The pope, cardinals, archbishops, bishops, and priests. 14. What did the seven sacraments mark? Important events in life. 15. What Thomas Aquinas do? Connected faith and reason together to show the church that they did not have to fear Aristotle’s research on reason. 16. What is a pilgrimage? What is a crusade, what is another name for a crusade? Pilgrimage- a journey to a holy site; Crusade- military expeditions to a holy site. Crusades are also known as the Holy Wars. **Keep Pilgrimages and Crusades straight** 17. For what purpose was most art made during the Middle Ages. For religious purposes. Most told some type of story because most could not read and write. 18. Where did most schooling take place in the Middle Ages? What was the church encouraged to teach the people. Took place in churchs, wanted them to learn to read and write. 19. What where the two great Medieval Holidays? How were Holidays celebrated? Christmas and Easter. Celebrated with church services, feast, and games. 20. How did monks spend their lives? What did they create that we still use today in the classroom? In prayer and work. They created history books.