Chapter 2 Test Review STUDY!! Vocabulary • What landform develops when a river deposits sediment as it flows into the ocean? delta • What instrument measures the relative strength of an earthquake? seismograph • What term is used to identify a windblown sediment of silt and clay? loess • What rocky feature might a receding glacier leave behind? moraine Vocabulary • What term names the location on the earth’s surface directly above the focus of an earthquake? Epicenter • What name is given to the area where most of the world’s active volcanoes exist? Ring of Fire • What force causes rock to change into a new substance? chemical weathering • What is the solid rock portion of the earth’s surface called? lithosphere • What instrument measures the relative strength of an earthquake? Richter Scale Reading and Interpreting a Chart Reading and Interpreting a Chart • Which state in the US has the shortest volcano? Washington (Mt. St. Helens) • What is the location of the volcano that had the largest eruption which killed the most people in the 19th century? Indonesia • Which two volcanoes released sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere? El Chichon and Mount Pinatubo Short Response • How do the movements of tectonic plates affect geography and topography? (volcanoes, plate boundaries, fault lines, continental drift) • What is the hydrologic cycle, and what are the potential effects of acid rain in this cycle?