By Hannah White Goals • To find a way to the Pacific Ocean • Establish a colony • And to find gold. Obstacles • They knew they were going to meet Indians, but they didn’t know what their reaction would be. • Housing materials • Food source 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1608 1609 1610 Arrived Total Survivors • 7 out of 10 people died in what was called the “Starving Time”. It was a ratio of 7:10. • Water was one of the main reasons people died. • The colonists were so hungry the were forced to eat dead bodies, horses, dogs and even cats. • Most of them died with-in four months. • Every step away from camp could of possibly of been their last. • The Jamestown fort was built in only 19 days. • The fort was designed around the guns. • The fort stretched along the James river. • John Smith was the most important person in the colony. • His journal is the primary source of the Jamestown story. • John got his leg blown of from an “accidental” explosion sparked by his gun powder bag. • He returned home in the fall of 1605. • He was the bravest one in the colony because he went up to the Indian Chief Powatan and made a deal with him. Sparkly jewels for food. • The colony had to face their 3rd year alone • The Indians were one of the things that helped the colony survive, or at least for a little while. • They used what was called the hit and run tactics for taking out the colony. • Their bows and arrows were light and extremely accurate. What did save the colony from total destruction anyway? • The answer: tobacco. • Every man, woman, and child drank about a gallon of beer each day. • The reigning superpower was fame. • Spies were common in the 20th century. • The buried their dead colonists inside of the fort walls, but their 1st Capitan, Bart Gosnold, was buried outside of the walls to show that they were losing a ton of colonists and they were on the edge of death to the entire colony.