Characteristics of the Learner Personality Heredity Ability Learner Confidence Prior Experience Personality Personality refers to an individual’s characteristic way of behaving. Personality develops as a result of the individual’s infinite social interactions and learning experiences throughout life. Coaches describe athletes in terms of observable traits such as consistency, reliability, level of motivation and ability to express feelings. Heredity Individuals are endowed with certain characteristics inherited from their parents. These are unchangeable and will limit the dimensions of their potential. The relative percentage of fast-twitch to slow-twitch fibres Somatotype Gender Height Conceptual ability Confidence Confidence is a firm belief in one’s own ability Self-confidence is critical not only to improvements in skill acquisition, but also to the performance of many tasks faced in everyday living. Confidence develops from experiencing success in learning situations. Prior experience In a group situation, learners will be quite diverse in terms of background experience. If an individual earlier learned a movement that is similar to one being taught, they have the potential to accelerate the current learning process. This is referred to as the transfer of leaning. Ability Ability is seen in the way in which an individual is able to learn, process and implement new skills. Ability incorporates a range of factors such as sense acuity, perception, reaction, time and intelligence, which combine to allow the individual to do readily what is intended.