Latin One: Chapter 8

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THIRD CONJUGATION VERBS (PG. 126)
-
Third Conjugation verbs can be identified by ending in an “-ere” in the infinitive
(2nd conjugation = -ēre)
-
Contains an “i” linking vowel between the stem and the ending.
- However there are some exceptions to the linking vowel:
- In the third person plural in both the active and passive voices there is a “-u”
linking vowel rather than the “i”.
- In the 2nd person singular in the passive voice there is an “-e” linking vowel
rather than the “i”.
THIRD CONJUGATION: ACTIVE VOICE:
INTELLEGO, INTELLEGERE, INTELLEXI,
INTELLECTUM- TO UNDERSTAND
1st
2nd
3rd
Singular
Plural
intellego
intellegimus
intellegis
intellegitis
intellegit
intellegunt
THIRD CONJUGATION: ACTIVE VOICE:
INTELLEGO, INTELLEGERE, INTELLEXI,
INTELLECTUM- TO UNDERSTAND
Singular
1st
2nd
3rd
intellegor
intellegeris
intellegitur
Plural
intellegimur
intellegimini
intelleguntur
THIRD CONJUGATION: PASSIVE INFINITIVE
To create the passive infinitive for all third conjugation verbs:
- Remove the entire “-ere” from the active infinitive (the 2nd principal part of the
verb).
- Add a “-ī”
E.g.
Intellegere= to understand (active)
Intellegī= to be understood (passive)
N.B. Remember for 1st and 2nd conjugation verbs the passive infinitive was created by
removing only the “e” from the very end of the infinitive.
E.g.
Amare →Amari
USES OF THE ABLATIVE CASE (PG. 128)
NO MATTER WHAT!!!
If you ever see a noun by itself in the ablative case without a Latin preposition in
front of it, then either translate that ablative case noun into English as by, with, or
from + the noun the in ablative.
ABLATIVE OF MANNER
-
Acts just like an adverb.
-
Tells you how the action of the verb is being done.
-
Usually used with the Latin preposition cum. However, more times than not, if the
ablative of manner is being modified by an adjective, then the cum will be
omitted.
E.g.
Cum fortitudine pugnat.
He fights with courage.
Magnā fortitudine pugnat.
He fights with great
courage.
ABLATIVE OF INSTRUMENT
-
Indicates with what material item an action is being completed with.
-
Uses no Latin preposition.
-
Usually translate this ablative noun with the English preposition with.
E.g.
Puer puellam baculo verberat.
The boy beat the girl with the stick.
ABLATIVE OF MEANS
-
Very similar to the ablative of instrument
-
Indicates the abstract method by which the action of the verb is being performed.
-
Uses no Latin preposition.
-
Usually translate this ablative noun with the English preposition with.
E.g.
Puella ad magistro miseris verbis clamat.
The girl shouted at her teacher with wretched words.
I love you!!!
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