31 Ablative of Means The means by which something is accomplished are put in the ablative without a preposition. The construction answers the question, “With what?” The construction cannot refer to a person. Nāvibus nāvigāmus. We are sailing by means of ships. Cōnsul pecūniā factus est. He became consul by means of his money. Perseus Medūsam deōrum auxiliō necāvit. Perseus killed Medusa with the help of the gods. Ablative of Means with Deponent Verbs Some deponent verbs take an ablative of means rather than a direct object. Potior Ūtor Fruor Fungor Vescor Get possession of Use Enjoy Perform Eat Latīnā fruor! I enjoy Latin! Victoriā ūtī nescīs. You do not know how to use a victory. Ablative of Personal Agency The person by whom the action of a passive verb is performed may be put in the ablative with the preposition ā or ab. Is ab imperātōre dēsignābātur. He was chosen by the emperor. Urbs ā Nerōne incēnsa est. The city was set on fire by Nero.