Punzalan, Niña Rica V. BSA 1-1 Concepts of History 1. History – from the Greek word ‘historia’ which means investigation - Branch of knowledge dealing with past events or knowlwdge acquired by investigation. - A continuous, systematic narrative of past events as relating to a particular people, country, period, etc. and are usually written as a chronological account - History incorporates historiography; it includes many different interpretations of historical events written by many different historians. 2. Sources of History: a. Primary Source – original item such as image, documents, maps, artifacts, or recording that provides evidences of the past. It gives firsthand, original, and unfiltered information. These sources have a close, direct connection with its subject. b. Secondary Source – a means through which a primary source is presented. Created after event was done; Expresses an opinion or an argument about the past events. 3. Historical Criticism: a. External Criticism – refers to the genuineness of the documents a researcher uses in a historical study. b. Internal Criticism – refers to the accuracy of the contents of a document.