Around 3,000 BCE, cities began to pop up. These cities could NOT have come about without agriculture. Before agriculture, what method did humans use to get food? What were this method’s limitations? From 8,000 to 4,000 BCE, the Neolithic Revolution occurred. This means that agriculture and domestication of animals became the main source of food. • Growing of crops and use of animals for meat, milk and wool Farming spread from Southwest Asia to Southeast Europe, and then to the rest of Europe. Wheat and barley were grown first in Egypt, bananas and yams in Africa, rice in Asia, and corn in the Americas. Agriculture lead to a surplus of food and allowed people to stay in one place. This caused cities. • Catal Huyuk in Turkey • Jericho in Palestine • Having extra food led to people having spare time. This caused them to become artisan (skilled workers) Artisans made goods that were of value and this caused trade. What kinds of things do you think artisans made at this time? Once people were sedentary, they needed homes. So they built homes. Stone tools went from rough blades, to better tools like axes and hoes. Men took more power in farming and herding, and women began to have more domestic jobs. People began to use metal to create tools. This marks the end of the Neolithic Age. Civilizations came into existence (big cities) More people means growth of government (usually a monarchy).