8th Science Fall Midterm Review Sheet Understand the structure of

8th Science Fall Midterm Review Sheet
Understand the structure of atoms, including masses, electrical charges, and
locations of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
To find the number of neutrons in an atom, subtract the atomic mass (rounded to
the nearest whole number) minus the atomic number (number of protons).
Atomic mass= atomic number (protons) + neutrons
Know that protons determine an element’s identity and valence electrons
determine its chemical properties, including reactivity.
Know the difference between and be able to identify elements and compounds.
Be able to compare metals, nonmetals and metalloids.
Identify that all organic compounds contain carbon.
Interpret the arrangement of the Periodic Table.
Know that elements within the same group (family) have similar
Know the number of valence electrons for groups 1, 2, and 13-18.
Be able to determine the number of atoms of each element in chemical formulas
containing subscripts.
Know the evidences of a chemical reaction. Ex.-color change, bubbles or fizzing,
precipitate is formed, new substance is formed, smoke or fire, and unexpected
temperature change. The only sure way to know if a chemical change occurred
is if a new substance was formed.
Recognize whether a chemical equation containing coefficients is balanced or
not and how that relates to the law of conservation of mass. The law of
conservation of mass states that during a chemical reaction, matter is not created
or destroyed