Exam #4 Review

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Name: _____________________________Class #: _________ Class Period: ________

Exam #4 Review – Skeletal and Muscular System

Skeletal System

1.

2.

3.

4.

What is the epiphysis?

What does red marrow consist of?

What marrow is used to diagnose blood diseases?

What is the periosteum and what function does it serve?

5.

6.

7.

What is the appendicular skeleton? Axial skeleton?

How many bones make up the cranium?

What is the maxilla?

8.

9.

What are the cheek bones called?

What are the 3 types of joints, and give examples of each.

10.

What are phalanges, and how many do you have total?

11.

What is the long shaft of the bone called?

12.

What is the membrane that lines the medullary canal called?

13.

What are the areas where cranial bones have joined together called?

14.

Where are your cervical vertebrae located, and how many do you have?

15.

Where are your thoracic vertebrae located, and how many do you have?

16.

Where are your lumbar vertebrae located, and how many do you have?

17.

How many pairs of ribs do you have?

18.

What are true, false, and floating ribs? How many of each do you have?

19.

What are floating ribs attached to?

20.

What is a greenstick fracture?

21.

What is a Colles fracture?

22.

What is a compound fracture?

23.

What is a closed fracture?

24.

What is an impacted fracture?

25.

What is a comminuted fracture?

26.

List and describe the 3 different spinal abnormalities.

27.

List and define the functions of bones in the skeletal system.

28.

Define osteoarthritis.

29.

Define osteomyelitis.

30.

Define Rheumatoid arthritis.

31.

Know the locations of the different bones we talked about in the PowerPoint!!!!

Date: __________

Name: _____________________________Class #: _________ Class Period: ________

Muscular System

Date: __________

1.

2.

3.

4.

What are muscles made of?

What happens to the muscle when it contracts?

Define voluntary muscle control.

Define involuntary muscle control.

5.

6.

7.

Define origin of a muscle.

Define insertion of a muscle.

Define muscle tone.

8.

9.

What are muscle spasms?

Define atrophy and when it occurs.

10.

What is Myasthenia Gravis? Describe.

11.

What is Muscular Dystrophy? Describe.

12.

Define extension.

13.

Define flexion.

14.

Define adduction.

15.

Define contracture.

16.

Define elasticity.

17.

Define extensibility.

18.

Define circumduction.

19.

Define perimysium.

20.

Define endomysium.

21.

Define bursitis.

22.

What are the 3 different kinds of muscle, their characteristics, and where they are the found?

23.

Where is the trapezius muscle located and what movement does it perform?

24.

Where is the triceps brachii muscle located and what movement does it perform?

25.

Where is the pectoralis major muscle located and what movement does it perform?

26.

Where is the quadriceps femoris (rectus femoris) muscle located and what movement does it perform?

27.

Where is the rectus abdominus muscle located and what movement does it perform?

28.

Where are the traditional injection sites?

29.

List and describe the characteristics of the muscular system.

30.

What is myorrhexis?

31.

What is myalgia?

32.

What is a sprain?

33.

What is a strain?

34.

What are shin splints?

35.

Define hemiplegia.

36.

Define paraplegia.

37.

Define quadriplegia.

38.

Where does a spinal cord injury occur that compromises the respiratory system?

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