Unit 10 – Europe STUDY GUIDE Name: _________________________ A D B E H C F I G J K Directions: Place the correct picture’s letter beside the correct name. (one letter will be used more than once in this section) ______1. The Parthenon ______7. Notre Dame Cathedral ______2. The Eiffel Tower ______8. The Luvre ______3. A fjord ______9. Polders ______4. The Colosseum ______10. The Leaning Tower of Pisa ______5. Big Ben ______11. St. Peter’s Basilica ______6. The English Parliament Building ______12. Westminster Abbey Directions: Determine where each picture is located and place the correct letter(s) beside each place. Some countries will have multiple letters. _________________________1. France _________________________2. Italy _________________________3. Greece _________________________4. Norway _________________________5. The Netherlands _________________________6. The United Kingdom _________________________7. The Vatican Directions: Answer the Questions below. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What ended the Dark Ages in Europe? ____________________________________________ Who was the most powerful person during the Dark Ages in Europe? _________________________ Which part of Europe entered The Renaissance first? _________________________________ What does The Renaissance mean? ___________________________________ The predominant religion in Europe today is ____________________________ What was the first democracy in the world? _____________________________ Which empire helped to spread Christianity? __________________________ Which theme of geography does this represent? ________________________ Directions: Place the correct word in the blank. Not all of the words will be used cottage industry buffer states The Cold War fjord canal scapegoat primate city Iron Curtain genocide urbanization Lenin Industrial Revolution Germany Norway Protestantism The Holocaust Chunnel chernozem militarism Empire Constitutional Monarchy mixed command alliance welfare state nationalism 14. An artificial waterway used to transport goods and ships. _____________________ 15. A deep inlet with steep sides created by glaciers. _____________________. These are common in ____________________. 16. Creating goods by hand in your home. _____________________. This practice ended in Europe during the _______________________ which was the transition to using machines to produce goods. 17. The leader of the Communist Revolution in Russia. ___________________ 18. A person or group who is unfairly blamed for something that others have done. ______________________ 19. The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. ___________________________. The most famous example that occurred in Europe in the 1940’s is called _____________________________ 20. The period of time when tensions were high between the communist government of The Soviet Union and the Democratic governments of Western Europe and the US. __________________________ 21. The belief that a country should be prepared to use its military aggressively to defend or promote national interests _________________________ 22. An agreement between countries to defend each other. Was a major cause of WWI. ______________________ 23. The name given to communist countries surrounding the USSR between 1945 and the late 1980s. ______________________ 24. The name given to the division of Europe between communist countries of the USSR and Western democratic countries. __________________________ 25. A group of countries or regions that are controlled by one ruler or one government is:_________________________ 26. The process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more and more people begin living and working in central areas ________________________________ 27. Believing your country is better than others __________________________ 28. A king or queen serves as head of state and takes part in ceremonies, but elected officials actively run the government. __________________________ 29. The train tunnel that runs from the UK to France __________________________ 30. A city that is at least twice as big as the second largest city in the region. ____________________ 31. Fertile black soil that runs from Ukraine into Russia and central Asia. _______________________ 32. Many European countries provide healthcare and other social services to their populations. These are often called ____________________________ and could be considered _____________________ economies 33. This branch of Christianity was formed during the Renaissance due to unhappiness with the Catholic Church. A B C Directions: Place the correct letter of the map that matches each statement ______1. ______2. ______3. ______4. War? ______5. ______6. Which map shows the area knowns as “buffer states”? Which map shows the countries sometimes called “Nordic” countries? Which map shows the Balkan states? Which two maps indicate many countries that were under control of the Soviet Union during the Cold Which map indicates countries that are also called Scandinavian countries? Which map indicates countries that are part of “Western Europe?” Directions: Place “T” beside any true statements and “F” beside any false statements ______1. ______2. ______3. ______4. ______5. ______6. ______7. ______8. ______9. True/False – Yugoslavia is currently the largest country in Europe. True/False – Every country has a primate city True/False – Most Western European countries are command economies True/False: There were a couple small battles between the US and the USSR during the Cold War. True/False: Last year, Ukraine invaded part of Russia. True/False: The Protestant Reformation made the Catholic Church even more powerful. True/False: The UN is the same thing as the UK True/ False Many European societies are multilingual True/False: The population pyramid of Europe would be this shape: Directions: Place the correct letter beside each question. They will be used more than once. A. United Nations _______1. _______2. _______3. _______4. _______5. _______6. _______7. _______8. B. NATO C. EU The goal is to assist Europe’s economy Its military forces are used around the world to help enforce human rights and keep peace. The goal is to create a single European market. It was established to protect the alliance from the attacks by the USSR. The goal is to raise the standard of living. There are 27 member countries (only European). There are 28 member countries, including the U.S. and Canada. The goal is to promote international peace, and security, and cooperation among states A B C 1. Which map shows humid continental climate? ______ 2. Which map shows the Mediterranean climate? ______ 3. Which map shows the west coast marine climate? ______ 4. Why do areas close to water often stay warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer? ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Elements of Climate: Use the word bank to identify the elements that influence regional climate patterns. Influence of latitude Influence of winds Proximity to water Influence of elevation Influence of ocean currents 1. _________________________ The North Atlantic Drift, which creates warmer temperatures for some countries in Europe. 2. ________________________ Water heats and cools more slowly than land; therefore, the areas along the coast stay cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter. ________________________ People living in at higher altitudes in the Andes Mountains grow heartier crops and have well insulated homes to adapt to the cold climate. 3. 4. ________________________ This is the single greatest determining factor on the type of climate in a region. This explains why it is generally hot near the Equator and cold near the poles. 5. ________________________ The temperatures in California are pleasant year round because of this, which blows cold air from Alaska.