Chapter 12 Study Guide Who became President after Lincoln was assassinated? 14th Amendment: Everyone born in the US is a citizen and entitled to equal protection of their civil rights. 15th Amendment Guaranteed African American men the right to vote What was the name for the laws that discriminated against African Americans? Black Codes What was tenant farming? System in which farmers paid cash rent to landowners What group targeted and terrorized African Americans during Reconstruction? Ku Klux Klan Who were the Radical Republicans? What did they support? Supported harsh punishment for Confederates and full citizenship for African Americans Who was elected President after a dispute over vote counts? Define Reconstruction Period in which the Union tried to readmit the southern states Why was a plan needed for the Reconstruction of the South? The Constitution provided no guidance on secession or readmission of states. What was President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction? He wanted to reunite the country. What Radical Republican policy was President Lincoln in support of? Formation of the Freedmen’s Bureau How did Congress try to limit the President’s power? Tenure of Office Act Which group of people saw a significant increase of voting in the South during Reconstruction? African-American Men Whose idea was it to take over large plantations and give them out to freedman? William Sherman What did the Supreme Court rule in the Slaughterhouse Cases? The states had the power to define their citizens’ rights List at least two successes of Reconstruction in the South. Improved Education for everybody. Improved railroads. Reunited black families. List two failures of Reconstruction of the South. Violence and racism by the KKK. Black Codes and Jim Crow laws still limit the freedom of freedmen. No changes for women.