Psychology of Learning Exam #1 Study Guide When there is a


Psychology of Learning

Exam #1 Study Guide

When there is a learning experience, but no opportunity to use the learning until later, what has occurred?

The areas of human function that psychology addresses

How does science relate to psychology?

Random selection/ random assignment

Purpose of having a control group in an experiment

Uses of theory

How do you know if the findings of your experiment were significant

Who needs to sign an informed consent?

Ethical concerns in research

Understand the UCS, CS, UCR, CR (classical conditioning)

Define reflexes

Trace conditioning

The nature of acquisition

Extinction- how do you eliminate the conditioned response?

What kinds of things represent a learned response?

What did the Little Albert experiment show?

What was Watson trying to prove? stimulus generalization vs. stimulus discrimination

Guthrie’s technique used to break a bad habit by presenting a stimulus over and over to eliminate an undesirable response

Guthrie’s’ S-R connection/ the threshold method of breaking a bad habit

Eugenics- how is this legally used?

Systematic Desensitization is like what Guthrie method?

What did Thorndike conclude from his puzzle box experiments?

Could the same activity be satisfying to one person but punishing to another?

Thorndikes’ law of effect was a forerunner of whose later theory?

What is the law of multiple response? Law of response by analogy? Law of set?

Insight/ Readiness/trial and error/ law of exercise/ law of effect

Reinforcers/ annoyers

Associative shifting

The nature of deduction

Dependent vs. independent variables

Emitted vs elicited response

What reinforcement schedule produces the fastest learning?

Positive vs. negative reinforcement

Shaping/ fading


What’s the advantage of using a Skinner box?

Schedule of reinforcement

The nature of a reinforce

Variable vs. fixed ratio schedule

Discrimination/ counterconditioning