Psychology of Learning Exam #1 Study Guide When there is a learning experience, but no opportunity to use the learning until later, what has occurred? The areas of human function that psychology addresses How does science relate to psychology? Random selection/ random assignment Purpose of having a control group in an experiment Uses of theory How do you know if the findings of your experiment were significant Who needs to sign an informed consent? Ethical concerns in research Understand the UCS, CS, UCR, CR (classical conditioning) Define reflexes Trace conditioning The nature of acquisition Extinction- how do you eliminate the conditioned response? What kinds of things represent a learned response? What did the Little Albert experiment show? What was Watson trying to prove? stimulus generalization vs. stimulus discrimination Guthrie’s technique used to break a bad habit by presenting a stimulus over and over to eliminate an undesirable response Guthrie’s’ S-R connection/ the threshold method of breaking a bad habit Eugenics- how is this legally used?
Systematic Desensitization is like what Guthrie method? What did Thorndike conclude from his puzzle box experiments? Could the same activity be satisfying to one person but punishing to another? Thorndikes’ law of effect was a forerunner of whose later theory? What is the law of multiple response? Law of response by analogy? Law of set? Insight/ Readiness/trial and error/ law of exercise/ law of effect Reinforcers/ annoyers Associative shifting The nature of deduction Dependent vs. independent variables Emitted vs elicited response What reinforcement schedule produces the fastest learning? Positive vs. negative reinforcement Shaping/ fading Operants What’s the advantage of using a Skinner box? Schedule of reinforcement The nature of a reinforce Variable vs. fixed ratio schedule Discrimination/ counterconditioning