Intro Unit Vocabulary -Location: Absolute Location & Relative Location -Place -Human-environmental Interaction -Movement -Regions -Continent •You may use the following notes, Internet, dictionary, etc., to define -Environment these terms. -Equator -Latitude -Longitude -Hemisphere -Prime Meridian I The Five Fundamental Themes of Geography A) LOCATION Where are we? (1) Describes where places are on earth (2) Types of Location: (aa) ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed) - Doesn’t change Latitude/Longitude Hemispheres Grid System Address (bb) RELATIVE: compared to other Latitude - Longitude: 36.961996,-86.459348 places (variable) / Changes are dependent upon comparisons Lat: 36° 57' 43.185" Miles Distance Direction Long: -86° 27' 33.6528 B) PLACE – people, culture, language, religion, buildings, landmarks, cities, etc. What is it like there, & what kind of place is it? (1) Human (2) Physical Characteristics Characteristics (aa) What are the main languages, customs, and beliefs? (bb) How many people live, work, and visit a place? (aa) landforms (mountains, rivers, etc.), climate, vegetation, wildlife, soil, etc. C) HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION 1) How do humans and the environment affect each other? (aa) We depend on it. • People depend on the Tennessee River for water and transportation. (bb) We modify it. • People modify our environment by heating and cooling buildings for comfort. (cc) We adapt to it. • We adapt to the environment by wearing clothing suitable for summer (shorts), winter (coats), rain (rain boots) and shine (sunglasses). D) MOVEMENT (1) How are people, goods, & ideas moved from place to place? (aa) Human Movement • trucks, trains, planes (bb) Information Movement • phones, computer (email), mail (cc) Idea Movement • How do fads move from place to place? TV, radio, magazines E) REGIONS (1) How are regions similar to and different from other places? (aa) Formal Regions • Regions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries (states, countries, cities, etc.) • Regions defined by similar characteristics (Corn Belt, Rocky Mountain region, Chinatown, etc.) (bb) Functional Regions • Regions defined by a function (newspaper service area, cell phone coverage area, etc.) (cc) Vernacular Regions • Regions defined by people’s perceptions (middle east, the south, etc.) WTL/DTL Assignment: • Use your Internet, magazine, or your own pics or drawings to describe your life based on The Five Fundamental Themes of Geography. • Make sure each pic has a caption describing it: At least two COMPLETE SENTENCES!