Geography/Economics/Natural Disasters Study Guide 1. Name the five themes of geography. Location, Place, Region, Movement, and Human/Environment Interaction 2. A person’s beliefs, ideas, language, and religion are cultural features. 3. Mountains, caves, and bodies of water are all physical features. 4. What are people called who move from place to place? immigrants 5. What is it called when geographers group things together that have something in common? region 6. What is the height of land above sea level? elevation 7. Environment is the area that surrounds you. 8. Lines that run side by side but do not intersect are called parallels. 9. What is half of the earth called? hemisphere 10. What is relief? 11. To say that New Orleans lies on the Mississippi River is to give its relative location. 12. A cartographer is someone who makes maps. 13. Name three types of map projections. Mercator – accurate shapes Interrupted – accurate sizes Robinson – fairly accurate shapes and sizes 14. An address to your home is an example of absolute location. 15. Lines that run North to South on a map are called latitude. 16. Lines that run East to West on a map are called longitude. 17. 0° Longitude is called Prime Meridian. 18. 0° Latitude is called Equator. 19. List the two types of Location. Absolute and relative 20. How has man interacted with the environment? Positive- Negative- 21. What are the four different types of economic systems? Traditional, command, market, and mixed 22. Which economic system is controlled by the government only? command 23. Which economic system is controlled by the government and individual citizens? mixed 24. Which economic system would be most like a dictatorship? command 25. Which economic system has things passed from one generation to another and is largely untouched by technology? Traditional 26. Give an example of how supply and demand can affect the price. 27. A railroad system would be a: human resource, capital resource, or natural resource? capital resource 28. What is opportunity cost? Give an example. Value of the next best thing Movies verses CD 29. Someone who buys, sells, or uses products is called a consumer. 30. The control of the supply of a good or service by one company or by a small group of people is called a monopoly. 31. Name a natural disaster that could happen in Kentucky and list some of the impacts from the disaster socially, economically, and geographically for the area.