Experiment 11 IN/POST LAB assignment

Exp. 11 Conversion of an Alkyl Halide to an Alcohol with Rearrangement
IN-LAB ASSIGNMENT: (EACH STUDENT will record the following data in his/her laboratory notebook in a well organized
manner during lab period. Yellow carbon copies will be submitted for grading along with Post-Lab assignment.) …..max
score = 20 pts.
6. Data/Calculations
Initial mass of 2-methylcyclohexanol used
Initial 50 mL beaker mass
Final 50 mL beaker + product mass
Final product mass
Physical state and color of product
Theoretical yield calculation (not just the value!)
Percent yield calculation (not just the number!)
7. In-lab Questions (The following questions should be answered in laboratory notebook.)
There are two possible products from the reaction of 3-methyl-2-pentanol with aq. HBr. Draw the products
and a complete mechanism for their formation, including all intermediates. Name both products based on
the IUPAC system and circle the major product.
MW: 102.18 g/mol
Based on the reaction above, calculate the theoretical yield for the reaction based on 4.0 g of the alcohol and
20 mL of the 48% HBr. Show calculations based on both reactants! The molecular weight of the alcohol is
given, however the molecular weight of the product must be determined based on the structure. Be sure to
give units.
Exp. 11 Conversion of an Alkyl Halide to an Alcohol with Rearrangement
POST-LAB ASSIGNMENT: (EACH LAB GROUP will submit one copy of a typewritten, paragraph style report addressing
all of the points listed below. Must be written using PAST TENSE, PASSIVE VOICE. ) …..max score = 50 pts.
8. Experimental (Write 1-2 paragraphs including all of the following. Do NOT present a bulleted outline.)
What type of reaction was performed?
Describe the actual synthetic procedure. Include names of any reactants used and desired product, as well as
name of solvent and catalyst used (if any). Be sure to give actual volumes/masses of compounds used during the
synthesis (not just what the lab manual tells you to use).
Describe the purification technique used to isolate the desired product. Be sure to give names and actual
volumes/masses of any compounds used during the purification process.
Describe the analytical technique used to evaluate the product. Be sure to give names and actual volumes/masses
of any compounds used during the analytical process and how the product was identified during this process.
Include any spectral analysis used.
9. Results (Complete tables. Once completed, copy/ paste completed tables into your document.)
Table 11.1 Experimental results
Final Mass of product (g)
Theoretical Yield (g)
Percent Yield
Product Appearance
Table 11.2 Silver nitrate test results
Test Solution
Reaction Rate
Product sample
Functional Group
O-H stretch
C-O stretch
sp3 CH stretch
C-Br stretch
Table 11.3 IR Spectral analysis results
Base Values (cm-1)
Frequency (cm-1)
Alkyl halide product
Frequency (cm-1)
10. Discussion (Write 1-2 pages addressing all of the following points.)
Restate the name of the reactants combined and the name of the product formed during the synthesis. State the
final product mass and the calculated percent yield for the synthesis. Be sure to report these values using the
correct units.
Based on the silver nitrate test results, what was the degree of substitution of your product? Briefly support this
conclusion using the reaction rates of the provided standard solutions and product solution with silver nitrate.
How can IR spectroscopy be used to differentiate between the reactant alcohol and the MAJOR product alkyl
halide in this experiment? Give the identity of one type of absorption and how it could be used to determine
whether or not the conversion took place. Include the typical frequency and the actual frequency for this type of
bond in your statement. Be sure to include units for frequencies.
Include a short comment addressing what could be done differently to improve the experimental results if