A&P Midterm ReviewThoroughly study all chapters (1-8), not just what is listed here Diagrams Major Body Cavities P. 9 Atomic structure P. 32 (figure 2.1) Composite cell P. 51 Cell membrane P. 52 Mitosis and cytokinesis P. 68 DNA P. 83 Tissues P. 93-109 (be able to identify from microscope slides) Skin P. 113 Major parts to long bone P. 127 Development of endochondral bone P. 129 Major skeleton P. 134—bones as listed on chart P. 135 May need to identify separate bones from box—not just from printed diagram Skull P. 136-141 Vertebral column P. 142 Thoracic cage P. 146 3 major parts to coxal bone P. 151 Structure of synovial joint P. 155 Different types of synovial joints (concept map, 155-157) Structure of skeletal muscle fig. 8.1 P. 170 and fiber Fig. 8.2 Superficial Skeletal Muscles P. 184-185 Lab: Use of compound microscope—how to calculate total magnification Chapter 1 If a term is listed, know its definition and applications. Anatomy Physiology (compare/contrast) Characteristics of Life Requirements of Life Homeostasis* Metabolism Levels of organization Parts to axial portion Parts to appendicular portion Organs found in body cavities What separates thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities? Relative positions of body—lateral, medial, distal,proximal,etc. Anatomical Position Chapter 2 Chemistry Element 4 elements that make up more than 95% of human body Atomic # gives # of— # electrons max in first shell Ionic bonds form how? Between what elements? Covalent bonds form how? Between what elements? Electrolytes P. 38 Acids Bases Alkalosis Reactions Synthesis Decompositions Exchange Chemicals of cells P. 39-44—Which are inorganic, organic, and examples. Chapter 3—Cell Structure and function Endoplasmic reticulum (describe shape) Ribosomes contain Mitochondria function Function of membrane proteins Where is cytoplasm? Purpose of dialysis Cell Cycle Order of events Phases of mitosis and what happens during each Cancer—5 characteristics Chapter 4—Metabolism Anabolism Catabolism Metabolic pathway Functions of enzymes Enzymes and substrates function like a ____________ and a ____________________ Purpose of cellular respiration 2 nucleic acids in human body Dna replication—when does it occur? What happens? RNA Translation Transcription Chapter 5-Tissues 4 basic types of body tissues and functions Basement membranes found where Function of epithelial tissue Tissue of tendons and ligaments 3 types of muscle tissue—structure and characteristics Characteristics of nerve tissue Muscle tissue regeneration Basic nerve cells Types of membranes and location Chapter 6—Integumentary System Components of system Structures found in each layer of skin—where they are and what they do Tissues composing each layer of skin Cells that produce hair Functions of integumentary system Eccrine vs. Apocrine glands Formation of skin pigment Skin cancer—causes and types How do components of system regulate body temperature? How do wounds heal? Chapter 7—Skeletal system Appendicular vs. Axial skeleton Intra membranous vs. Endochondral bone—formation Hematopoiesis Repair of bone fracture—explain Functions of organs of skeletal system Chapter 8-Muscular system Study all notes and guide worksheet.