Characteristics of Living Things (Essay

Anatomy & Physiology
Integumentary & Skeletal System
Integumentary System
 Functions
 Components & their responsibilities
 Skin Structure: Are all layers fed by blood
vessels? Similarities/differences or layers?
o Epidermis:
 Major cell types & functions
 Are all layers capable of cell division?
 Stratum corneum vs. stratum basale
 What is shed?
 Vitamin D: Important? How made?
o Dermis:
 Important glands & functions
o Subcutaneous or Hypodermis:
o Contains fat? Why important?
 Tattoo removal: how done? What body
systems involved: where is the ink? how is
the area “cleaned” up by the body?
 Nails: protein involved?
 Hair: Structure, formation, growth, shedding
o Do new follicles form after birth?
Skeletal System
 Functions & components
 General structure
 Examples of the 4 shapes of bone
 Bone tissue:
o Macro: Compact vs. Spongy
o Micro: Three cell types
 How bones form & develop
o Ossification: two kinds.
 Bone growth:
o Mineral & vitamin requirements
 Remodeling & Homeostatic mechanisms
o Role of Stress & Exercise
o Mineral reserves. How does body
regulate blood [Ca+2]? Which
hormones? Their affect?
 Bone repair: what is needed for healing?
Anatomy & Physiology
Kerry Zimmerman
o What is happening when we get the shivers?
o Color?
Apocrine vs. eccrine glands
Skin tone/color: Pigments involved?
o What truly determines skin tone/color?
o Advantages to certain skin tones/colors
Moles & skin cancer
o What are moles? Types of skin cancer?
o When should you have a mole checked?
o What populations are most at risk for
melanomas? Why is this likely the case?
Vitiligo: what is this?
PBL: Lost in the Desert?
o How does Mark’s body deal with the
desert conditions? What happens in
response to the conditions?
Bones and aging. What happens?
Osteoporosis. What is it?
o How to lessen its effects?
Breaks: two general categories
Axial vs. appendicular skeletons
o Define. A balance of 2 characteristics.
Arthritis. Define. Forms
Bone Marrow
o What made there?
o Types of marrow
o Significance of “soft spots” in cranial bones
o Male vs. Female pelvis
o Sutures
o Movements of Joints
Integumentary & Skeletal System
Kerry Zimmerman