Revolution Study Guide What is the difference between Patriots and Loyalists? Patriots supported Independence whereas Loyalists wanted to remain subjects of Great Britain. Why did Parliament repeal the Townshend Acts? It wanted to reduce tension in the colonies. When was Common Sense written? What effect would it have on Thomas Jefferson? Common Sense was published early in the year 1776. The ideas Thomas Paine expresses in Common Sense would have considerable influence on Thomas Jefferson as he is writing the Declaration of Independence. What were the details of the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)? Boston Harbor closed, Massachusetts charter cancelled, Thomas Gage is appointed the governor of Massachusetts, the Quartering Act is passed, British officials accused of crimes were sent to England for trial, and the Quartering Act was passed. When, where, and why did the First Continental Congress meet? The First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia in response to the Intolerable Acts in October of 1774. What were the details of the Treaty of Paris in 1783? Great Britain recognized America’s independence, America’s borders were set, Americans were allowed to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains but east of the Mississippi River, Spain received Florida from England in a separate treaty. What did the members of the Second Continental Congress discuss? What did they decide? The Second Continental Congress met in May of 1775 to discuss whether they should seek a peaceful or violent solution with the British. They ultimately decided to create the Continental Army and they appointed George Washington as the leader. Who were the Sons of Liberty? The Sons of Liberty were an organization including Paul Revere and Samuel Adams who gained support for the Patriot cause. In what town were the colonial weapons stored that the British wanted to seize on April 18, 1775? The weapons store house was located in Concord, Massachusetts. Why did the British begin taxing the colonists? The British began taxing the colonists to help pay for the debt they had accumulated during the French and Indian War. Why were the minutemen told, “Don’t fire unless fired upon” prior to the Battle of Lexington? The colonial militia wanted to defend against an attack, not start a war. Why did Thomas Paine think that citizens should make laws? Paine felt that people had a natural right to govern themselves. What was the first direct tax put on the colonists? The first DIRECT tax was the Stamp Act. Because the one-year contracts many of Washington’s soldiers were fighting under were about to expire it was important for Washington to win at what two battles in late 1776 and early 1777? The Battles of Trenton and Princeton. In an attempt to get colonists to join forces at the First Continental Congress, who said, “I am not a Virginian, but an American?” Patrick Henry Colonists began to desire political equality because of the influence of what two events? The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening had a significant influence on the colonists seeking independence. Why were Thomas Paine’s ideas expressed in Common Sense considered so radical? Because most of the world was still ruled by monarchs so the ideas of a government that was ruled by the people were considered very bold. What were the reasons Jefferson gave for breaking away from Great Britain? Great Britain, particularly King George III, did not protect the rights of the colonists. Why was the message of the Declaration of Independence not consistent with the practice of slavery? The Declaration of Independence did not grant the right of independence to slave because the colonists in the southern colonies wanted the practice of slavery to continue as it was beneficial to them financially. More than 50,000 Loyalists fled the colonies, one of George Washington’s closest friends fled to Britain because he was a loyalist, and debates arose over the conflict between the ideals of liberty and the practice of slavery over the signing of what document? The Declaration of Independence. What problem did the Patriots have in the war at sea? The Patriots had too few ships to fight large battles with the British so they relied heavily on raids and attacking British ships that were by themselves. Why did thousands of African-American slaves join the British Army following the Dunmore Proclamation? Following the Dunmore Proclamation thousands of slaves fled their plantation to join the British Army because they were promised their freedom in exchange for fighting in the Revolution. The Continental Army went on the offensive for the first time at what battle? The Battle of Trenton. After what battle did the Patriots gain France and Spain as an ally? The Battle of Saratoga because they proved to foreign countries that they could defeat the British in a major battle. What was Spain’s motive for joining the Patriot cause? Spain wished to regain Florida from the British. What was a common technique the patriots used to protest British taxes? The Patriots effectively used boycotts to protest British taxes and boycotts forced the British to repeal some taxes. Why did Marquis de Lafayette fight for the Americans in the revolution? He was also influenced by the Enlightenment so he believed that all nations should govern themselves. What hardships did the Continental Army face at Valley Forge? The Continental Army endured extremely cold conditions and they lacked protection and supplies. What did “no taxation without representation” mean? Colonists did not wish to support the British government because they had no voice in the British parliament. Who was nicknamed “the Swamp Fox”? Francis Marion was nicknamed the Swamp Fox because he fought in the swamps of South Carolina carrying out guerilla warfare tactics. How did American Indians feel about the Revolution? Indians were intensely divided over the cause because they were not sure of how the outcome would affect their lives. What advantages and disadvantages did each side have during the war? See the notes we took in class on advantages and disadvantages. Why was General Cornwallis forced to surrender at Yorktown? General Cornwallis surrendered because Washington and the Continental Army had him surrounded on land and the French Navy had the British surrounded at Sea. Where did the most brutal fighting of the war take place? The most brutal fighting of the war occurred in the south, particularly in South Carolina.