Name__________________________________________________________ Per.______ Chapter 5 Test-Study Guide 1. Who was Pontiac? Leader of the Ottawa nation 2. What was the Quartering Act? Required colonists to feed and house British troops 3. What was Committees of Correspondence? Committees of Patriots were set up in various colonies to spread information about British actions. 4. What started the French and Indian War? British settlers pushed west into French and Native American lands in the Ohio River Valley. 5. Who had the upper hand at the beginning of the French and Indian War? The French/Indians=The British suffered several defeats 6. What caused the tide to turn in favor of the British during the French and Indian War? New and better British leadership (William Pitt) 7. What event was the key to the French defeat during the French and Indian War? The British attack on Quebec 8. What was Pontiac’s War? The leader of the Ottawa nation helped start an all-out attack on the British. 9. Why did colonists resent the Stamp Act? They did not think Britain should have the right to tax them. 10. What did the 1767 Townshend Acts specify that was meant to not upset the colonists? That Britain would tax only imports into the colonies 11. Who were the Sons (and Daughters) of Liberty? Colonial anti-British protestors 12. What were some of the demands of the First Continental Congress? The repeal of the Intolerable Acts, training of militias, more boycotts of British goods 13. What was “the shot heard ‘round the world”? The first shot of the American Revolution 14. The formation of the Continental Army was a result of what meeting? The Second Continental Congress 15. Why did many enslaved African Americans side with the British? They hoped to win their freedom. 16. What did the Olive Branch Petition state? That the colonists remained loyal to the king 17. What was the purpose of the Albany Plan of Union? Provide a way for the English colonies to work together 18. What did the Proclamation of 1763 declare? Colonial settlers had to remain east of the Appalachians 19. Why did colonists resent the Tea Act? It established a British monopoly on tea 20. What did the Stamp Act require colonists to do? Required colonists to buy stamps to put on legal documents 21. Which side fired the first shot of the American Revolution? Nobody knows 22. At what gathering was George Washington chosen as commander of the Continental Army? The Second Continental Congress 23. What did the Second Continental Congress do in preparation for war? Forming an army 24. What is a blockade? The shutting off of a port by ships to keep people or supplies from moving in or out 25. What is a boycott? An organized campaign to refuse to buy certain products 26. What is a militia? Military force made up of civilians trained as soldiers 27. Who were the minutemen? Citizen soldiers who could be ready to fight at a minute’s notice. Add-Alliance and Monopoly onto your words to know list.