World War I Unit Test Review Vocabulary: Nationalism Alliances Otto Von Bismarck Gavrilo Princip Lusitania Big Four League of Nations Woodrow Wilson Sussex Pledge Propaganda Imperialism Triple Entente Kaiser Wilhelm Schlieffen Plan “Domino Effect” Fourteen Points Article 231 Franco-Prussian War Gallipoli Campaign Rationing Militarism Triple Alliance Franz Ferdinand Trench Warfare Chlorine Gas Versailles Treaty Self-Determination Zimmerman Telegram Just War Theory All Battles 1. Describe the principles laid out by “Just War” theory pertaining not only to the justified reasons to fight a war, but also how we should treat our enemy during war 2. What are the four contributing factors identified as the causes of World War I? 3. What pre-war strategies were in place prior to WWI? (class notes) 4. Describe Otto Von Bismarcks policy of “realpolitik.” How did this policy contribute to tension between countries in Europe? 5. What event led to the declaration of war by Austria-Hungary against Serbia? 6. Which countries formed the Central Powers? Which countries formed the Allied Powers? 7. What pre-war strategies existed at the outset of war? (class notes) 8. What policy did the U.S. have at the outset of the war? How was the United States economy tied to Great Britain and Germany? What argument can be made the economics played a large role in moving the United States closer to war? (class notes) 9. What did British generals instruct soldiers to do as they approached the enemy at the Battle of the Somme? 10. What is “trench warfare?” Describe the strategy and conditions that existed? Was it effective? 11. Describe the general nature of the strategies that British, French, and German troops implemented to win the war. (refer to the Battle of the Marne, Verdun, and the Somme) --- Class Notes/Video 12. What were some of the new weapons that were introduced during WWI? 13. What strategy did the British use during the war to prevent goods from reaching Germany? What strategy did the Germans use? What role did propaganda play in influencing American attitudes towards war? (class notes) 14. Why was Russia at a disadvantage compared to other countries fighting in the war? What eventually led to their withdraw from the war? 15. Why did Ghandi support India’s participation in the war? 16. How did WWI evolve into a “total” war? 17. Discuss the views presented by President Woodrow Wilson that argued for U.S. entry into war. (Wilson’s war message to Congress) 18. What events (reasons) caused the U.S. to declare war on April 6, 1917? 19. What was the purpose of the War Industries Board? (pg. 410) What did the Food Administration do? 20. How did the U.S. “sell the war” to the American public? What did the Committee on Public Information do? 21. Which minority groups benefited from the war? 22. What are Wilson’s Fourteen Points? How was it designed to prevent future wars? 23. What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles? Describe differences between Wilson’s goals for peace and the Europeans goals for peace. How did the terms contribute to the Second World War? 24. What did article 231 call for? 25. What was the League of Nations? What were the pro/con arguments with regard to America’s ratification of membership in the league? 26. What was the legacy of the First World War?