Psychology 1 Unit 2 Practice Test 1. Humans are naturally scared by

Psychology 1 Unit 2 Practice Test
1. Humans are naturally scared by loud noises (instinct). Johnny was
taking a shower when an explosion occurred in the building next door.
The next time he took a shower, Johnny felt scared and his heart
pounded. What form of learning did Johnny experience?
a. Classical conditioning
b. Operant conditioning
c. Cognitive learning
d. Latent learning
2. Debbie got in a bad car accident. Now she automatically becomes
afraid and fearful of being inside a car. Debbie’s fear is a(n):
a. Conditioned response
b. Conditioned stimulus
c. Example of operant conditioning
d. Example of extinction
3. The idea that a pleasant consequence will increase the likelihood of a
behavior happening again is called:
a. Behavioral facilitation
b. Principle of continuity
c. Cognitive learning
d. Law of effect
4. Shaping is:
a. Promising a reward for a specific behavior
b. Paring two things together to get a response
c. Reinforcing actions that get closer and closer to the desired
behavior (getting warmer…)
d. Changing behavior with severe punishment
5. When Bob plays cards with his friends, he finds that his winning hands
are random. He may go as many as ten hands without winning, but
then win two in a row. Which schedule best describes the
reinforcement Bob receives when playing cards?
a. Fixed-ratio
b. Fixed-interval
c. Variable-ratio
d. Variable-interval
6. Iconic memory is a form of sensory memory which holds
a. Auditory information (hearing)
b. Visual information
c. Facts and general definitions
d. Motor skills
Psychology 1 Unit 2 Practice Test
7. What results when new information enters memory and erases or
overwrites information already there?
a. Encoding
b. Maintenance
c. Chunking
d. Interference
8. Vivid recollections that are formed of emotionally filled events are
a. Eidetic
b. Flashbulb
c. State-dependent
d. Echoic
9. An unconscious process by which people forget things that are
severely threatening to self concept or anxiety-provoking is called:
a. Interference
b. Reaction-protection
c. Repression
d. Amnesia
10. Reminders we create in making associations between previously
learned information and newly learned information are called
a. Retrieval cues
b. Nodes
c. Scripts
d. Schemas
1. A
2. A
3. D
4. C
5. C
6. B
7. D
8. B
9. C
10. A