Need to Know Vocabulary Words: Skeletal System

Science Test Review- The Human Body Test Date: ____________________
Need to Know Vocabulary Words:
Bone: the individual parts of a hard
interior framework that provides
shape and protection for the human
Cartilage: the rubbery, flexible
material that sometimes connects
bones and provides shape for some
body parts (examples: nose and ears)
Bone Marrow: a soft fatty substance in
the cavities of bones, in which blood cells
are produced.
Tendon: a flexible but inelastic cord
of strong fibrous collagen tissue
attaching a muscle to a bone.
Fracture: A complete or partial break in a
Joint: the place where two or more
bones meet
Ligament: a short band of tough,
flexible, fibrous connective tissue that
connects two bones or cartilages or
holds together a joint
Skeletal System
What is the purpose of the skeletal system? The Skeletal System provides structure, support, movement, and protection that
enables us to go through our daily lives.
What are the 3 functions of the skeletal system and give examples of each? Label examples of where each of the bones
below are located.
1) Protection (rib cage, cranium)
2) Movement (pelvis, femur, hip)
3) Support (vertebrate)
Science Test Review- The Human Body Test Date: ____________________
Muscular System
What is the purpose of the muscular system? The main function of the Muscular System is movement, body posture and
position. It is the only tissue in the body that has the ability to contract and therefore move the other parts of the body.
What are the 3 muscle types and describe each?
Muscle Type
Voluntary or Involuntary
Voluntary Muscle
Arm Muscle
Involuntary Muscle
Involuntary Muscle
What happens to your muscles when you have a lack of sufficient oxygen? Muscles will cramp.
What is a voluntary response? In order for these responses to happen, you have to think. Some examples are smiling, wiggling
toes, frowning, lifting your arms, moving your legs, etc.
What is an involuntary response? Involuntary responses are automatic and no thinking is required. Some examples are
heartbeat, blood pressure, breathing rate, etc.
Nervous System
What is the purpose of the nervous system? The Nervous System analyzes incoming information from outside the body, store
it, and send back instructions to various parts of the body so the body can respond.
What are the 3 main parts of the nervous system?
1) The Brain
2) The Spinal Cord
3) A Network of Nerves
What are the 3 main parts of the brain and describe each part?
1) Cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and controls the sense organs, along with your thoughts, memories, imagination,
and the decisions you make.
2) Cerebellum controls your balance and posture, and coordinates your movement.
3) Brain Stem connects the cerebrum to the cerebellum and to the spinal cord.
What are the five types of sense receptors and describe each?
**Sense Receptors provide the brain with information by detecting what’s happening outside the body.
1) Sense of sight
2) Sense of hearing
3) Sense of smell
4) Sense of taste
What is the difference between the left and right hemisphere of the brain?
Logical step by step thinking happens in the left hemisphere of the brain.
The right hemisphere of the brain controls our creativity.
5) Sense of touch