Name: _________________________________________________ Period: __________ U.S. History – The Early Colonial Settlements – Plymouth, Roanoke, and Jamestown Roanoke Island (Lost Colony) —____________________________________________ asked Queen Elizabeth of _____________________ if he could lead a group of people to begin a colony in the _______________. —Queen Elizabeth gave Raleigh a ___________________ (a document that allowed colonists to live on land owned by their country.) Roanoke Island (1st Time) —In _____________________, the first English people tried to begin a colony. —This became the __________________________ colony in the ____________________. —It failed due to _________________________ and __________________________ with the _____________________________. —All but _____________________ men went back to England on a ship. Roanoke Island (2nd Time) —In ____________________, Raleigh sent colonists a second time. —The _________________ men that had stayed behind the 1st time had been ______________ by then. —___________________________ was the colony’s ___________________________________. —This time, the colonist brought their _____________________ and _____________________________. —John White’s granddaughter, ____________________________________ was born 1 month after they arrived in the USA on August 18 the _____________________________ baby born in the USA. Spanish Armada —In 1588, ___________________________________ decided to attack England. —The English __________________________ the all powerful Spanish Armada because they had _________________ ships and a violent storm helped destroy the Spanish ships. The Lost Colony —___________________ returned in August 1590 to find no colonists on _______________________ Island. —On one of the trees was written _____________________________. —___________________________ was the name of an island nearby as well as the name of the Native Americans living in the area. Ending the Good Relations with the Native Americans -Because the 15 men had been _______________________ by Native Americans, John White decided that they should pay the Native Americans back. -He ordered his men to attack the the _____________________________ since supposedly, they were the ones who had killed the 15 men. -However, they instead attacked the ___________________________ Native Americans who had been their friends and helped them. After the battle, the _______________________ were ___________________. -This forced John White to have to go back to England for more __________ and ______________________. Jamestown Colony —In 1606, _________________________________________ gave permission to the Virginia Company of London to try a _______________________. —____________________________________ led the three ships, Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery to _________________________________________. Jamestown —On May 14, 1607, the settlers began building the first English permanent settlement on the __________________________________________________. —Jamestown was named after the ___________________________________and Virginia was named after the ___________________________________________________________ Reasons for Jamestown Difficulties —Not ______________________in how to plant __________________ in Virginia. —Little knowledge of Virginia ____________________________. —Not enough people in the Jamestown settlement especially _________________________________. —Native American ________________________ Supplies —___________________________________ was used in every part of life, from ________________ and gathering food to children’s ___________________. —Weapons Coins —Food Supplies —The animal bones from food supplies found in a pit dating back before 1610 showed that the 104 men and boys who landed at Jamestown survived primarily on ____________________ and ________________________! John Smith —_________________________________ was the leader of the colony. —He was saved by ________________________________, a Powhatan Native American. —Smith was a hard leader but his ___________________________ is what kept the colony _________________. John Rolfe —John Rolfe in 1614 found a way to harvest ________________________. —This quickly became the ___________________________ of Virginia. —He also married _________________________________ in 1614 and thus created peace with the Powhatan Native Americans for 8 years. 1619 —_________________________________________ were brought to the USA for the 1st time. —The first time the House of Burgesses met. (Government) —1620 ___________________________ Came to the colonies. Plymouth Colony —The King of England, _____________________________ rebelled against the ________________________ Church and started his own Church called the _________________________________. —These people became known as _________________________________. —In 1620, _______________________________ decided to take the ________________________ and settle in the USA. Pilgrims at Plymouth __________________________________ was the leader of the colony. Before landing, they wrote an agreement called the _____________________________ This was the first English _________________________________ in the USA. They settled in Cape Cod/New England. Native Americans of New England —The Native Americans had a _________________________ or leader. —Massasoit was the leader of the Wampanoag. —Squanto and Samoset helped the ________________________ survive the first hard years. Thanksgiving —______________________________________, The Pilgrims invited the Native Americans to a _______________ feast to _______________ them for helping them make it through a difficult year. —The first national Thanksgiving was in _________________ for the 13 colonies. —George Washington proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving in __________________.