Study Guide on Colonization

Tell what each of the following people had to do with colonization:
Queen Elizabeth I – Queen of England; intrigued with idea that the colonies could provide her with treasures
Samuel de Champlain – Founded the first French settlement in Quebec
Sir Walter Raleigh – Pirate favored by Queen Elizabeth I who tried unsuccessfully to colonize Roanoke
John Smith – The Jamestown leader who revived Jamestown – “No work, no food”
Pocahontas – daughter of Chief Powhatan. Her union with John Rolfe brought peace between colonists and
the Indians
John Rolfe – Married Pocahontas. Learned how to grow high-quality tobacco which had a great economic
affect on Jamestown. Tobacco plantations supplied many needed jobs for the colonists.
William Bradford – The governor of Plymouth Colony
Indentured servants – Europeans who could not afford passage to America and offered their work/labor for an
agreed upon time in exchange for the cost of passage
Powhatan - a powerful Indian chief who respected John Smith and helped to keep a peaceful relationship
between the Indians and the colonists
Yeoman – a farmer who owned a small farm in the colonies
Lord de le Warr – governor of Jamestown who made the colonists clean and rebuild Jamestown
Squanto – an English-speaking Patuxet Indian who helped the Pilgrims to farm and live in peace with local
Indian tribes in Plymouth
The Lost Colony – Roanoke – first attempt to settled failed. People too interested in finding treasure rather
than farming and building shelters and planning on how to survive the winter and harsh weather. John White
left for England for more supplies. Returned 3 years later (ship almost sinks and found not a single colonist
Charters – gave power to explorers to take land in the name of the crown
Virginia Company – a company of investors in London, England
Investors – people who put money into a project in order to make a profit
House of Burgesses –the first representative government in the American colonies; elected reps who made laws
Mayflower Compact – the agreement to make and obey laws written by the men who came as Pilgrims to
Plymouth colony in 1620
Separatists – the group seeking religious tolerance who broke from the Church of England