Name ____________________ Date ____________ Pd ______ World History The Middle Ages & Feudalism I. Decline of Roman Empire and Rise of Feudalism By 500 A.D. Western Roman Empire fell to ________________: Visigoths controlled Spain ___________________ controlled Italy Franks controlled Gaul (France) ___________________ controlled North Africa Angles, Saxons, Jutes battled for ___________________ _________________ ruled Ireland & Scotland After the fall of Rome Western Europe entered the ______________ from _______-_________ A.D. Reasons for the rise of Middle Ages: No Roman ______________ to make rules No Roman _____________ to protect people No common ________________ to unite them No longer ____________ of a common empire; people now loyal to _________________________ (clan) or feudalism Constant _________ among the barbarian tribes & the Romans made it too _______________ to trade: With no trade, __________ & ___________ became useless People built to _______________________ to make food & find protection _____________ became the only people who could read & write II. Feudalism Feudalism began in Europe as a way to offer _________________: Feudalism is a series of agreements between ________ & ____________ in which lords offer land in exchange for _____________ & military protection from knights Lords built ______________ to protect peasants from outside invasions Kings (Monarchs) Lords (Nobles) Knights Peasants & Serfs III. Manorial System The ________________ system produced the ____________ for people to eat: Lords allowed peasants to _________________________ in exchange for a portion of the _____________ they grew Peasants agreed to pay “____________” to the nobles in exchange for shelter & _______________ Peasant life was __________________: they were dependent upon the lords & got lots of diseases IV The Power of the Christian Church Many people in Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire were _____________________ but Christians ___________ many “barbarians” In a time of ________, the Christian church emerged as a stable & _________ force in Western Europe _______________ became the dominant religion in Western Europe: Without a common ____________________ to hold everyone together, the _______________ filled an important role in peoples’ lives The Catholic ___________ became the strongest _____________ leader in Western Europe Each territory in Western Europe had a _______________ (where monks lived) & provided __________ for the feudal manors: Local __________ were important because the church taught that all people are ______________ & need God’s forgiveness Christians paid a _________ (percentage of their food as a tax to the church) Write 10 facts from the video clips: “ Middle Ages in Europe” & “Europe’s Feudal States” 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.