The Early Roman Republic Notes

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The Early Roman Republic

1) Brief Overview of Founding and Period of the Kings

a.

753BCE:

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_______________________________________________________________ b.

The Seven Kings of Rome:

i.

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______________________________________________________ iii.

______________________________________________________ iv.

______________________________________________________ v.

______________________________________________________ vi.

______________________________________________________ vii.

______________________________________________________ c.

509BCE:

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2) The Government of the Republic: The Cursus Honorum

a.

Ten years of duty in the military – usually end up as Military Tribune

i.

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______________________________________________________ b.

Quaestor: Age Req:________________ # Elected: _______________

i.

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______________________________________________________ c.

Aedile: Age Req:________________ # Elected: _______________

i.

______________________________________________________ ii.

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________ iii.

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______________________________________________________ d.

Praetor: Age Req:________________ # Elected: _______________

e.

i.

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Consul: Age Req:________________ # Elected: _______________

i.

______________________________________________________ ii.

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_______________________________________________________ iii.

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_______________________________________________________ iv.

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f.

Then…. had to serve a term as governor of a province g.

Censor: Serve for __________________ & Elected every _______ years

i.

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_____________________________________________________ ii.

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_____________________________________________________ h.

Tribune of Plebs (Outside Cursus)

i.

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_____________________________________________________ ii.

Powers:

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3) Population Under the Republic

a.

Citizens:

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___________________________________________________________ b.

Women:

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____________________________________________________________ c.

Slaves:

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___________________________________________________________ d.

Freedmen:

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___________________________________________________________ e.

Patricians & Plebeians:

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4) History of Republic up to Punic Wars

a.

Conflict between Patricians and Plebeians

i.

Secession of Plebs:

1.

494BCE:

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2.

471BCE:

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3.

287BCE:

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________________________________________________ b.

Colonization and Expansion through Italy

i.

Varied Conflicts:

1.

The Aequī:

2.

Veiī:

3.

The Three Samnite Wars:

a.

1)

b.

2)

c.

3)

ii.

Latin League

:__________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________ iii.

390BCE:

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_____________________________________________________ iv.

283BCE Pyrrhic Victory

:_________________________________

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_______________________________________________________ c.

Advantages in War

i.

Treatment of Conquered Peoples

: __________________________

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_______________________________________________________ ii.

Manpower and Determination

:_____________________________

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FINAL WORD:

By 268 BC the Romans dominated most of Italy through a network of allies, conquered city-states, colonies, and strategic garrisons. At that time Rome started to look beyond Italy, towards the islands and the rich trade of the Mediterranean Sea.

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