Sample Questions For Chapter 7: 1. Material flow exist in every firm, and therefore an understanding of the flow is necessary for a. collecting and manipulating data for effective forecasting. b. forecasting the firm’s financial performance. c. identifying strategies for improving process flows. d. inventory management. Correct answer: C 2. Process maps are very important for the firm and should be used a. for understanding material flows b. for understanding cash flows c. for understanding information flows. d. for understanding capacity flows. Correct answer: A 3. Identifying and improving constrained processes is the main objective of a. material flow analysis b. theory of constraints c. the drum, buffer, rope concept d. RFID Correct answer: B 4. Group technology a. uses dedicated groups of manufacturing workstations for producing part families b. provide a host of computers for automating material handling systems. c. combines the use of highly flexible machines and highly repetitive processes in designing computers. d. uses computers for programming machines for automating processes. Correct answer: A 5. Based on TOC, work should be released into the system: a. when a customer order is received. b. when the first step in the process is idle. c. when a customer order is completed. d. when the bottlenecks need work. Answer: d 6. Which of the following is one of Dr. Eli Goldratt's rules of production scheduling for optimized production technology? a. Do not balance capacity, balance the flow b. If you lose an hour at a bottleneck it is better than making scrap c. Do not allow bottlenecks to govern the flow of the line d. An hour saved at a bottleneck operation is a mirage Answer: a 7. Which of the following is a “focusing step” of Dr. Eli Goldratt's theory of constraints? a. Reduce system constraints b. Reinforce system constraints c. Support system constraints d. Identify system constraints Answer: d 8. Product-focused layouts are best characterized as a. low mix of product variability and low volume output. b. low mix of product variability and high volume output. c. high mix of product variability and low volume output. d. high mix of product variability and high volume output. Correct answer: B 9. Describe the various types of flow analysis techniques and the impact that flow has on the organization. 10. What is the Theory of Constraints? 11. Explain the drum, buffer, rope concept. 12. Describe how plant layout impacts material flow. 13. What is flexible manufacturing system and what are its benefits? 14. What are the three basic warehousing layout configurations? 15. Important concepts: cross-docking, GANTT chart, process mapping, CNC, FMS, bottleneck.