Chapter 4: Study Guide 1. What English government tradition was adopted in the 13 colonies? The English government tradition that was adopted in the 13 colonies was self government. 2. How did the Great Awakening in the 1730s prepare the colonists for the American Revolution? It encouraged the ideals of liberty and equality. 3. What was an effect of Magna Carta in England? It limited the power of the king. 4. What was a main goal of education for students in the New England colonies? The main goal of education for students was for them to be able to read the bible. 5. How did the establishment of Parliament strengthen the rights of English citizens? Laws were made by representatives of the citizens. 6. Which right did the English Bill of Rights provide? The English Bill of Rights provided the right to petition the king. 7. Why was the English Bill of Rights important to the colonists? It spelled out what was due to the colonists as English citizens. 8. To what do the Middle Passage refer? The middle passage refers to the ocean crossing of the slaves. 9. What happened to slavery in the colonies? Slavery expanded throughout the colonies. 10. What belief spurred the Great Awakening? The belief that people had lost their faith spurred the Great Awakening, 11. What slowed the growth of public education in the Middle Colonies? Religious differences slowed the growth of public education in the Middle Colonies. 12. Put these in chronological order: Parliament, English Bill of Rights, Magna Carta, Great Awakening. Magna Carta, Parliament, English Bill of Rights, Great Awakening. 13. What event became known as the Glorious Revolution? The king was overthrown and Parliament retained the lawmaking powers. 14. How did a colonist achieve a higher class in colonial society? Colonists could achieve a higher class in colonial society by making a lot of money. 15. In which way were colonial public schools like the public schools of today? The schools taught reading and writing. 16. What were the expectations of English colonists in America? They expected the same rights as English citizens.