Conflict in the Colonies

Conflict in the Colonies
French and Indian War
 England greatly in debt after war against French
 Needed to make more money…
 …by taxing the colonists
 Why do you think they thought this was okay?
 England protected the colonies
 The colonists are essentially Englishmen
Sugar Act of 1764
 Raised taxes on sugar and molasses
 [Tax demonstration on board]
 Also increased penalties for smugglers
 “No Taxation Without Representation”
 Battle cry for colonists in disagreement
 NOBODY represented the colonists in Parliament
 Committees of Correspondence
 Committees created to help communication between towns
about resisting British laws
 Boycotting goods – refusing to buy
Stamp Act of 1765
 Stamp Act of 1765
 Taxed all paper products colonists used
Newspapers, paper, playing cards, envelopes, legal documents,
pamphlets, etcs
First DIRECT tax on colonists
 Problems
 Many businesses go under
 Parliament did not expect resistance
 Act is repealed in 1766
 But not before passing the Declaratory Acts
Parliament can make any laws they want
Townshend Acts 1767
 More taxes on goods
 Glass, lead, paint, tea, paper, etc
 Boycotts once again
 Sons of Liberty led the way
 Attacks on custom houses forced British to send
troops to Boston