Neolithic Revolution

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The Origins of Humans Part 2: Neolithic Age
Mesolithic Age =
-
_____________, _____ B.C.E to _____ B.C.E.
Climate grew warmer = __________& __________.
improved __________& __________,
o __________, which was used to store food & water.
o Besides __________& __________, they weaved nets & used
__________for fishing and travel.
o Domesticated dogs for __________& __________.
Neolithic Age = _____________, _____ B.C.E. to _____ B.C.E.
-
Planted __________& started farming
Farming is known as the ______________________________.
Kept herds of animals (cattle & sheep), which added __________to the diet.
Used cattle & oxen to pull __________.
Affect of farming:
- Did not have to move around as much to find food.
- A more __________source of food.
- A surplus of food.
- Consequently, populations _________and settlements became __________.
- Larger families = __________= __________.
- Led to sharing of _________________.
During the Neolithic Age
- Built sturdy houses & __________started to form.
- Decorative __________, dishes & ornaments.
- Weaved cloth from plant fiber & __________.
- Polished stone.
- Invention of the __________& axels and later simple carts.
Specialization of labour = ____________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
-
Markets and trading, Economy, $, class system, more leisure time.
There was a form of government, which regulated customs and rules for protection.
Culture developed.
____________was built.
The Bronze Age = __________B.C.E.
-
-
__________ended the New Stone Age.
Bronze was made from __________& ________.
Bronze was 1st found in the _____________ = beginning of a metals industry
Stronger weapons, tools, swords, shields
Bronze improved productivity in farming:
o ______________,
o __________,
o ____________________.
The potter’s __________invented.
Simple sailing and navigation = __________________________.
Development of specialization = _______________.
Urbanization = Growth of cities due to migration of people to them
Question: What makes a civilization?
Civilization
Rivers & Civilizations
Civilizations relied on rivers for:
- ____________________
- ____________________
- ______________________________
- ____________________
- ___________________________________________________________
The Origins of Humans Part 2: Neolithic Age
Mesolithic Age =
-
Middle Stone Age, 8000 B.C.E to 6000 B.C.E.
Climate grew warmer = grasslands & forests.
Some innovations:
improved weapons & tools,
o 1st pottery, which was used to store food & water.
o Besides fishhooks & harpoons, they weaved nets & used canoes for
fishing and travel.
o Domesticated dogs for hunting & protection
Neolithic Age = The New Stone Age, 6000 B.C.E. to 3500 B.C.E.
-
Planted seeds & started farming
Farming is known as the Neolithic Revolution
Kept herds of animals (cattle & sheep), which added meat to the diet
Used cattle & oxen to pull plows
Affect of farming:
- Did not have to move around as much to find food.
- A more reliable source of food.
- A surplus of food.
- Consequently, populations grew and settlements became larger.
- Larger families = more help = more food.
- Led to sharing of responsibilities.
During the Neolithic Age
- Built sturdy houses & villages started to form.
- Decorative pottery, dishes & ornaments.
- Weaved cloth from plant fiber & animal hair.
- Polished stone.
- Invention of the wheel & axels and later simple carts.
Specialization of labour = Separation and assignment of jobs according to the skills of
individuals.
- Markets and trading, Economy, $, class system, more leisure time.
- There was a form of government, which regulated customs and rules for protection.
- Culture developed, and Stonehenge was built
The Bronze Age = 4000 B.C.E.
-
-
Copper ended the New Stone Age.
Bronze was made from copper & tin.
Bronze was 1st found in the Middle East = beginning of a metals industry
Stronger weapons, tools, swords, shields
Bronze improved productivity in farming:
o Digging sticks,
o plows,
o tools of irrigation and sickles.
The potter’s wheel invented
Simple sailing and navigation = trade with distant places.
Development of specialization = urbanization.
Urbanization = Growth of cities due to migration of people to them
What makes a civilization?
Civilization
Rivers & Civilizations
Civilizations relied on rivers for:
- Steady source of water
- Fertile soil
- Fish to supplement their diet
- Transportation
- Communication through Trade and Exchange of ideas
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