Paleolithic vs Neolithic Notes


Paleolithic vs. Neolithic

B.C. vs. Flintstones

What do we remember about the


Questions to think about?

• Where did they live?

• How did they survive?

• What was family life like?

• What tools did they have?

The Leakey’s- archeologists

• In 1970 – They discovered oldest human remains in East Africa

• Named it “Lucy”

Paleolithic Era

• lasted 2.5 million years to

8000 BC

• Otherwise known as the

“Old Stone age”

• Cave paintings

• Hunters and gatherers  nomadic ( never stayed in one place (followed herd)

Science and Technology  stone tools, use of rocks, teeth

Neolithic Revolution

• “Neo” means new

– New Stone Age

• People learn to farm 

What does this mean?

– No longer have to follow herd

– Can stay in one place and live –establishment of villages (permanent homes)

– Domestication of Animals  people learn to raise animals and keep them as a food source (pigs, chickens, cows)

Neolithic Continued

• New tools  make farming easier and life

– Use of Bronze

– Plates

– Bowls

– Ox drawn

– Development of agriculture

– Food surpluses

– * This period is also sometimes called the

Agricultural Revolution

Slash and Burn Agriculture

• People would slash and burn areas to clear land for farming  used by early humans

Characteristics of a Civilization

• Job Specialization

• Record Keeping

• Government

• Technology

So What does it all MEAN?

• ***People stopped chasing food and started living in permanent settlements  growth of villages, towns, cities***

• Leisure time will lead to advancements in record keeping and technology

Monument begun in the Neolithic age and finished in the Bronze Age

Located on the Salisbury Plain in England

What it may have looked like at completion

Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey)

Its walls enclosed 32 acres and up to 6,000 people.

Grew many different crops and developed artisans and trade.

Found in ancient Palestine near the Dead sea.

It was in existence by 8000 B.C.