Paleolithic vs. Neolithic
B.C. vs. Flintstones
What do we remember about the
Questions to think about?
• Where did they live?
• How did they survive?
• What was family life like?
• What tools did they have?
The Leakey’s- archeologists
• In 1970 – They discovered oldest human remains in East Africa
• Named it “Lucy”
• lasted 2.5 million years to
• Otherwise known as the
“Old Stone age”
• Cave paintings
• Hunters and gatherers nomadic ( never stayed in one place (followed herd)
Science and Technology stone tools, use of rocks, teeth
• “Neo” means new
– New Stone Age
• People learn to farm
What does this mean?
– No longer have to follow herd
– Can stay in one place and live –establishment of villages (permanent homes)
– Domestication of Animals people learn to raise animals and keep them as a food source (pigs, chickens, cows)
• New tools make farming easier and life
– Use of Bronze
– Ox drawn
– Development of agriculture
– Food surpluses
– * This period is also sometimes called the
Slash and Burn Agriculture
• People would slash and burn areas to clear land for farming used by early humans
Characteristics of a Civilization
• Job Specialization
• Record Keeping
So What does it all MEAN?
• ***People stopped chasing food and started living in permanent settlements growth of villages, towns, cities***
• Leisure time will lead to advancements in record keeping and technology
Monument begun in the Neolithic age and finished in the Bronze Age
Located on the Salisbury Plain in England
What it may have looked like at completion
Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey)
Its walls enclosed 32 acres and up to 6,000 people.
Grew many different crops and developed artisans and trade.
Found in ancient Palestine near the Dead sea.
It was in existence by 8000 B.C.